Excerpt from Scientific Butter-Making Says Prof. Arnold: - "The art of butter-making is an intricate operation. Its success depends upon a succession of little acts, each one of which is liable, when not performed aright, to alter the whole character of the production. The correct performance of all these little acts involves an acquaintance with the properties of milk which the present extent of practical and scientific knowledge renders it difficult to acquire." This was said or published in 1879. Since that time there has been some advance, at least in practical knowledge, that makes it less difficult to acquire the art of butter-making. But the position taken by Prof. Arnold, while from his point of view a right one, is not the position taken by the writer of this Manual. Butter-making is largely a mechanical operation, and in some measure is made more difficult or less difficult according to the mechanical aids in use. For instance, were one to attempt to follow out the whole process, according to the simplest directions possible to be given, by always using the hand to determine temperature, how much more difficult would be the process, and how much more uncertain the result, than would be were the operator to make intelligent use of a thermometer. Again, the carrying out of each of the different processes, does not necessarily involve an acquaintance on the part of the operator with the knowledge of the peculiar qualities or properties of the material worked upon - milk, cream or butter. The process may be followed out mechanically, the operator imitating, as it were, the practice of others who employ the scientific method. For instance, care and cleanliness may be practised without knowing how important the effect upon the product; advantage may be taken of a falling temperature in which to raise cream, without appreciating the interesting and somewhat involved theories that support the practice; butter may be washed in a granulated state without thought of the, in many respects, great advantage in the practice. Yet it is true that a knowledge of the why and wherefore of any process enables the operator to follow it out not only with more pleasure, but with more advantage, certainty and profit. While good results may be obtained by carefully following out a practice that has been acquired without a knowledge of the theory involved, many advantages would come of understanding the theory. The operator would be able to provide against exceptional cases which sometimes occur, that otherwise would be difficult to meet. A more rapid advance toward perfection would be made by one possessed of both theory and practice. Prof. Bell said on this subject: - "It is desirable that all persons connected with the prosecution of the dairy business, should have acquaintance with the principles on which success depends." About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.
Wine and Spirits Book of the Year 2017 In little more than a century, the drive towards industrial and intensive farming has altered every aspect of the cheesemaking process, from the bodies of the animals that provide the milk to the science behind the microbial strains that ferment it. Reinventing the Wheel explores what has been lost as expressive, artisanal cheeses that convey a sense of place have given way to the juggernaut of homogeneous factory production. While Bronwen and Francis Percival lament the decline of farmhouse cheese and reject the consequences of industrialisation, this book's message is one of optimism. Scientists have only recently begun to reveal the significance of the healthy microbial communities that contribute to the flavour and safety of cheese, while local producers are returning to the cheese-making methods of their parents and grandparents. This smart, engaging book sheds light on the surprising truths and science behind the dairy industry. Discover how, one experiment at a time, these dynamic communities of researchers and cheesemakers are reinventing the wheel.