This book is the result of more than ten years of research and teaching in the field of quantum electronics. The purpose of the book is to introduce the principles of lasers, starting from elementary notions of quantum mechanics and electromagnetism. Because it is an introductory book, an effort has been made to make it self contained to minimize the need for reference to other works. For the same reason; the references have been limited (whenever possible) either to review papers or to papers of seminal importance. The organization of the book is based on the fact that a laser can be thought of as consisting of three elements: (i) an active material, (ii) a pumping system, and (iii) a suitable resonator. Ac cordingly, after an introductory chapter, the next three chapters deal, respectively, with the interaction of radiation with matter, pumping processes, and the theory of passive optical resonators.
This fifth edition of Principles of Lasers includes corrections to the previous edition as well as being the first available as an ebook. Its mission remains to provide a broad, unified description of laser behavior, physics, technology, and applications.
Coverage of the most recent advancements and applications in laser materials processing This book provides state-of-the-art coverage of the field of laser materials processing, from fundamentals to applications to the latest research topics. The content is divided into three succinct parts: Principles of laser engineering-an introduction to the basic concepts and characteristics of lasers, design of their components, and beam delivery Engineering background&-a review of engineering concepts needed to analyze different processes: thermal analysis and fluid flow; solidification of molten metal; and residual stresses that evolve during processes Laser materials processing-a rigorous and detailed treatment of laser materials processing and its principle applications, including laser cutting and drilling, welding, surface modification, laser forming, and rapid prototyping Each chapter includes an outline, summary, and example sets to help readers reinforce their understanding of the material. This book is designed to prepare graduate students who will be entering industry; researchers interested in initiating a research program; and practicing engineers who need to stay abreast of the latest developments in this rapidly evolving field.
This monograph summarizes major achievements in laser dynamics over the past three decades. The book begins with two introductory Chapters. Chapter 1 offers general considerations on quantum oscillators, formulates the requirements for the laser key elements and shows how these requirements are met in different laser systems. The second Chapter proposes the mathematical models used in semiclassical laser theory, discusses the approximations and simplifications in particular cases, and specifies the range of applicability of these models. In Chapters 3-5 attention is given primarily to the steady states and their stability, the laser behavior in the instability domain, the characteristics of regular and chaotic pulsations and the nature of their mechanisms. Chapter 6 deals with the processes in a laser, accompanying the time variance of laser parameters. Considerable attention is given to a laser response to weak, low-frequency modulation of the parameters. The problems addressed therein are resonant modulation enhancement, transition to the nonlinear regime, chaotic response to periodic impact, spike-like generation due to variation of the cavity geometry and a laser rod temperature drift. Laser behavior is subject to qualitative changes if its optical elements exhibit nonlinear properties. The action of a saturable absorber, which leads to a loss of laser stability and provides passive Q-modulation, is investigated. To a much lesser degree the researchers' attention has been attracted by other nonlinear effects such as self-focusing, e.g., which may have a strong influence on laser dynamics. All of these issues are covered in Chapter 7. The book is intended for researchers, engineers, graduate and post-graduate students majoring in quantum electronics.
This Book On Lasers Is The Culmination Of Several Years Of Relentless Personal Research, Exhaustive Literature Survey, Critical Analysis Of All The Facets Of The Subject And Interactions With The Subject Experts And Students In India And Abroad, By The Author.This Book Has Been Very Systematically Structured And Organised. The Subject Has Been Divided Into Three Parts. Part A Deals With All The Established Principles And Theories Of Laser Science Prefixed With A Journey Through The Relevant Areas Of Optics And Modern Physics. Part B Presents A Galaxy Of All The Available Laser Schemes Of The Day, With A Peep Into The Future. Part C Deals With The Myriads Of Applications Of This 'Wonder Beam' In Every Walk Of Life.While Giving An Exhaustive Account About Lasers, The Book Also Covers All The, Relevant Aspects Of Related Subjects Such As Fibre Optics, Holography, Laser Safety Etc. Apart From The Excellent Presentation Of The Topics, As They Unfold, This Book Contains A Rich Fund Of Worked Out Examples And Student Exercises, With Answers.The Language Is Simple And Reader-Friendly, The Treatise Logical, And Even The Intricate Mathematical Derivations And Clear And Lucid. This Book Is Meant To Be A Very Valuable Guide To Students At Graduate And Postgraduate Levels And To Those Working Or Intending To Work In The Field Of Lasers, To Add To What They Already Know. This Is Perhaps The Only Book, At Present, On Lasers By An Indian Author With Such A Vast Coverage Of The Subject Itself And The Associated Disciplines.
Principles of Lasers and Optics, first published in 2005, describes both the fundamental principles of the laser and the propagation and application of laser radiation in bulk and guided-wave components. All solid state, gas and semiconductor lasers are analysed uniformly as macroscopic devices with susceptibility originated from quantum mechanical interactions to develop an overall understanding of the coherent nature of laser radiation. Analyses of the unique properties of coherent laser light in bulk and guided-wave components are presented together and derived from fundamental principles, to allow students to appreciate the differences and similarities. Topics covered include discussions on how laser radiation should be analysed, the macroscopic differences and similarities of various analyses, special techniques, types of lasers and setting up laser analyses. This text will be useful for first-year graduates in electrical engineering and physics and also as a reference book on analytical techniques.
Paras Prasad’s text provides a basic knowledge of a broadrange of topics so that individuals in all disciplines can rapidlyacquire the minimal necessary background for research anddevelopment in biophotonics. Introduction to Biophotonics serves asboth a textbook for education and training as well as a referencebook that aids research and development of those areas integratinglight, photonics, and biological systems. Each chapter contains atopic introduction, a review of key data, and description of futuredirections for technical innovation. Introduction to Biophotonicscovers the basic principles of Optics Optical spectroscopy Microscopy Each section also includes illustrated examples and reviewquestions to test and advance the reader’s knowledge.Sections on biosensors and chemosensors, important tools forcombating biological and chemical terrorism, will be of particularinterest to professionals in toxicology and other environmentaldisciplines. Introduction to Biophotonics proves a valuablereference for graduate students and researchers in engineering,chemistry, and the life sciences.
Advances in optical fibre based communications systems have played a crucial role in the development of the information highway. By offering a single mode oscillation and narrow spectral output, distributed feedback (DFB) semiconductor laser diodes offer excellent optical light sources as well as optical filters for fibre based communications and dense wavelength division multiplexing (DWDM) systems. This comprehensive text focuses on the basic working principles of DFB laser diodes and optical filters and details the development of a new technique for enhanced system performance. Considers the optical waveguiding characteristics and properties of semiconductor materials and the physics of DFB semiconductor lasers. Presents a powerful modelling technique based on the transfer matrix method which can be used to improve the design of laser diodes, optical fibres and amplifiers. Examines the effect of the various corrugation shapes on the coupling coefficients and lasing characteristics of DFB laser diodes. Technical advice to improve immunity against the spatial hole burning effect. Extensive referencing throughout and a comprehensive glossary of symbols and abbreviations. Suitable for both introductory and advanced levels This is an indispensable textbook for undergraduate and postgraduate students of electrical and electronic engineering and physics as it consolidates their knowledge in this rapidly growing field. As a technical guide for the structural design of DFB laser diodes and optical filters, the book will serve as an invaluable reference for researchers in opto-electronics, and semi conductor device physics.
One of the first applications of lasers was for surgery on the retina of the eye. That, and the evident analogy to the old dreams of powerful heat rays, led many to predict that lasers would quickly be used for all kinds of cutting and welding, including surgical applications. It was soon apparent that laser sur gery could be performed in ways that caused little bleeding. Nevertheless, other surgical applications have been slower to arrive. One difficulty has been the enormous range of possibilities provided by the many different kinds of lasers. Infrared, visible, and ultraviolet light beams each interact very differently with human tissues. Light pulses of enor mously great peak powers became available from lasers, but their effects dif fered in surprising ways from those obtained with continuous beams. That provided both opportunities (i.e., treating or removing a very thin surface layer without affecting the underlying tissue) and problems with undesired side effects. Moreover, techniques were needed to deliver a precisely con trolled amount of energy just where it was desired. Lasers also had to be engineered and manufactured with the desired power levels and a high reliability.
This book describes the principles of laser treatment in dermatology and, taking into account these principles, provides clinicans with clear, up-to-date guidance on choice of the appropriate laser and parameters for different skin conditions. The aim is to provide a gold standard laser reference book that will meet the needs of those who are already performing laser surgery as well as novices to the field. Readers will find readily understandable coverage of both basic and advanced laser theory. Based on this theory, the authors proceed to explain all the considerations that need to be taken into account when choosing laser systems and parameters for a variety of indications, including all relevant vascular and pigmented lesions and the removal of hair, scars, and tattoos. Close attention is paid to the skin characteristics of Asians and the impacts of these characteristics on parameter selection. In addition, a separate chapter is devoted to the efficacy and safety of laser treatment of melasma, a common disease in Asians.