Vorwort - I. Sharp: Women and Weimar Berlin - C. Ujma: Theories of Masculinity and the Avant-Garde - T. Elsaesser: The Camera in the Kitchen: Grete Schütte-Lihotsky and Domestic Modernity - A. Baumhoff: Women in the Bauhaus: Gender Issues in Weimar Culture - D. Rowe: Painting herself. Lotte Laserstein between subject and object - U. Seiderer: Between Minor Sculpture and Promethean Creativity. The Position of Käthe Kollwitz in Weimar's Discourse on Art - C. Finnan: Photographers between Challenge and Conformity. Yva's Career and Ruvre - K. Bruns: Thea von Harbou. Writing Skills and Film Aesthetics - J. Trimborn: Leni Riefenstahl's Career before Hitler: Success-stories of an Outsider - C. Schönfeld: Lotte Reiniger and the Art of Animation - A. Lareau: The Blonde Lady Sings. Women in Weimar Cabaret - I. C. Gil: 'Jede Frau ist eine Tänzerin...' The Gender of Dance in Weimar Culture - B. Maier-Katkin: Anna Seghers, Irmgard Keun. A Discourse on Emancipation and Social Circumstance - C. Ujma: Gabriele Tergit and Berlin: Women, City and Modernity - C. Finnan: Marieluise Fleißer's Self-Reflections on the Female Writer - J. Redmann: Else Lasker-Schüler versus the Weimar Publishing Industry. Genius, Gender, Politics, and the Literary Market - J. Warren: Contrasted Heroines in Two Plays by Ilse Langner. A Dramatist at 'Weimar's End' - L. Soares: Vicky Baum and Gina Kaus: Vienna, Berlin, Hollywood
Our main discussion in this book Indian society, polity and culture of the colonial period. Indian society in the 19th century was caught in an inhuman web created by religious superstition and social obscuration. Hinduism, has become a compound of magic, animation and superstition and monstrous rites like animal sacrifice and physical torture had replaced the worship of God. The most painful was position of women. The British conquest and dissemination colonial culture and ideology led to introspection about the strength and weakness of indigenous culture and civilization. The social reform movements which emerged in India in the 19th century arose to the challenges that colonial Indian society faced. The well-known issues are that of sati, child marriage, ban on widow remarriage and caste discrimination. It is not that attempts were not made to fight social discrimination in pre-colonial India. They were central to Buddhism, to Bhakti and Sufi movements. What marked these 19th century social reform attempts were the modern context and mix of ideas. It was a creative combination of modern ideas of western liberalism and a new look on traditional literature.We hope that students will benefited a lot from reading this book.
Acquiring Modernity examines the modern world’s central features, from historical origins to recent events. Combining classic models, recent scholarship, and contemporary developments, its topics include science, colonialism, class inequalities, education, religion, politics, racism, sexism, the environment, and economic crises.
Modernity is made and unmade by the anecdotal. Conceived as a literary genre, a narrative element of criticism, and, most crucially, a mode of historiography, the anecdote illuminates the convergences as well as the fault lines cutting across modern practices of knowledge production. The volume explores uses of the anecdotal in exemplary case studies from the threshold of the early modern to the present.
Our Wealth Is Loving Each Other explores the fluid and context-bound nature of cultural and personal identity among indigenous Fijians. National identity in Fiji often emphasizes a romantic, premodern tradition based on a chiefly hierarchy contrasted to the "individualistic" cultures of Westerners and of Indo-Fijians. But indigenous Fijian villagers are generally more concerned with defining their identity vis-a-vis other community members, urban and overseas relatives, and other regions of the country. When people craft self-accounts to justify their position within the indigenous Fijian community, they question and redefine both tradition and modernity. Modernity on the margins is an experience of anxiety-provoking contradictions between competing ideologies-that of international ideologies versus local experiences. indigenous Fijians have been exposed to global ideas and government programs extolling the virtues of "premodern" communities that place communal good and time-honored tradition over individual gain. But other waves of policy and rhetoric have stressed individual achievement and the need to "shake" individuals out of community bonds to foster economic development. Individuals feel contradictory pressures to be autonomous, achieving individuals and to subordinate self to community and tradition. Karen J. Brison examines traditional kava ceremonies, evangelical church rhetoric, and individual life history narratives to show how individuals draw on a repertoire of narratives from local and international culture to define their identity and sense of self. Our Wealth Is Loving Each Other is appropriate for upper-level students and anyone with an interest in Fiji or anthropology. Book jacket.
This volume seeks to capture Jean-Jacques Rousseau's astonishing contribution to our understanding of the dilemmas of modernity. For the contributors to this book Rousseau is present as well as past, because he was so modern and yet so ambivalent about modernity, a position with which we are quite familiar. Highlighted in this volume is the contention that Rousseau set the stage for many discussions of the good and bad of modernity.Previous efforts to deal with Rousseau and modernity have suffered from myopia. In the nineteenth century the Romantics claimed Rousseau as one of their own, pulling him out of his historical context, ignoring his full scale immersion in the debates of the French Enlightenment. In the twentieth century commentators have read into Rousseau the ahistorical and present-minded Cold War theme of "Rousseau the totalitarian."In this volume Rousseau is treated as a person of his age but also as someone who speaks to us today. The topics covered range from feminism, music, science, and political theory, to updating the classics, and to the search for and limitations to the quest for self-knowledge. Few if any figures can compete with Rousseau when it comes to forcing us to face up to the price we pay for "progress."
A major interpretation of the concepts of modernism and modernity. The concepts of modernity and modernism are amongst the most controversial and vigorously debated in contemporary philosophy and cultural theory. In this intervention, Fredric Jameson—perhaps the most influential and persuasive theorist of postmodernity—excavates and explores these notions in a fresh and illuminating manner. The extraordinary revival of discussions of modernity, as well as of new theories of artistic modernism, demands attention in its own right. It seems clear that the (provisional) disappearance of alternatives to capitalism plays its part in the universal attempt to revive 'modernity' as a social ideal. Yet the paradoxes of the concept illustrate its legitimate history and suggest some rules for avoiding its misuse as well. In this major interpretation of the problematic, Jameson concludes that both concepts are tainted, but nonetheless yield clues as to the nature of the phenomena they purported to theorize. His judicious and vigilant probing of both terms—which can probably not be banished at this late date—helps us clarify our present political and artistic situations.
This important new book from one of the world's leading sociologists of sport weaves together social theory, history and political economy to provide a highly original analysis of the complex relationship between sport and modernity. Incorporating a powerful set of theoretical insights from traditions and thinkers ranging from classical Marxism and the Frankfurt School to Foucault and Bourdieu, Gruneau analyzes the emergence of "sport" as a distinctive field of practice in western societies. Examining subjects including the legacy of Greek and Roman antiquity, representations of sport in nineteenth-century England, Nazism, and modern "mega-events" such as the Olympics and the World Cup, he seeks to show how sport developed into an arena which articulated competing understandings of the kinds of people, bodies and practices best suited to the modern western world. This book thereby explores with brio and sophistication how the ever-changing economic, social, and political relations of modernity have been produced and reproduced, and sometimes also opposed and escaped, through sport, from the Enlightenment to the rise of neoliberalism, as well as examining how the study of exercise, athletics, the body, and the spectacle of sport can deepen our understanding of the nature of modernity. It will be essential reading for students and scholars of the sociology and history of sport, sociology of culture, cultural history, and cultural studies.
Archaeological heritage can be disputed, especially where it is important to religions and their practitioners. While the destruction of archaeological sites in war – often due to religious fervour – is frequently making the headlines, apparently lesser disputes about local heritage sites go unreported. This book focuses on these lesser, but much more frequent, potential conflicts between archaeological heritage management and conservation on the one hand, and practitioners of religious beliefs who use archaeological heritage in their practice on the other. By exploring case studies from Austria, the Czech Republic, Estonia, France, Norway, Romania, Russia, Spain, Sweden and Wales, this book examines the interaction between spiritual practice and monuments conservation. This book will be of great interest to heritage professionals, archaeologists, historians, conservationists and religious practitioners alike, through its exploration of various kinds of interactions between these different heritage communities and their interests in archaeology.