This book provides a comprehensive overview of modern particle physics accessible to anyone with a true passion for wanting to know how the universe works. We are introduced to the known particles of the world we live in. An elegant explanation of quantum mechanics and relativity paves the way for an understanding of the laws that govern particle physics. These laws are put into action in the world of accelerators, colliders and detectors found at institutions such as CERN and Fermilab that are in the forefront of technical innovation. Real world and theory meet using Feynman diagrams to solve the problems of infinities and deduce the need for the Higgs boson.Facts and Mysteries in Elementary Particle Physics offers an incredible insight from an eyewitness and participant in some of the greatest discoveries in 20th century science. From Einstein's theory of relativity to the elusive Higgs particle, this book will fascinate and educate anyone interested in the world of quarks, leptons and gauge theories.This book also contains many thumbnail sketches of particle physics personalities, including contemporaries as seen through the eyes of the author. Illustrated with pictures, these candid sketches present rare, perceptive views of the characters that populate the field.The Chapter on Particle Theory, in a pre-publication, was termed ?superbly lucid? by David Miller in Nature (Vol. 396, 17 Dec. 1998, p. 642).
The second edition of this well-received book is a clear and readable introduction to the ideas and concepts of particle physics. It bridges the gap between traditional textbooks on the subject and popular accounts that assume little or no background in the physical sciences on the part of the reader. This edition has been carefully revised throughout to provide a completely up-to-date and comprehensive overview of this fascinating subject. Historical aspects are discussed together with the most important recent experiments, and the theoretical development of the subject is traced from its foundations in relativity and quantum mechanics through to the very latest theories. There are also three completely new chapters covering quantum gravity, super-unification, and the relationship between particle physics and cosmology.
In elementary particle physics, there are a number of recognizable underlying symmetries which correctly describe spectacular multiplet structure of observed particles. However, lack of a consistent method to deal with badly broken symmetry has hindered the investigation through symmetry. With this book the authors hope to arouse interest in the approach to broken symmetry from a fresh point of view.The authors argue that spectrum generating symmetries still maintain asymptotic symmetry for physical (not virtual) particles. When combined with the symmetry related equal-time commutation relations which are derivable from fundamental Lagrangian, asymptotic symmetry then demands a close interplay among the masses, mixing parameters and coupling constants of physical particles. From this point of view, we may understand the success of the naive quark model, remarkable mass and mass-mixing angle relations in QCD and electroweak theory and even the presence of dynamical selection rules. The method may also give us a powerful tool for the study of new physics where fundamental Lagrangian is not yet known.
Providing a complete foundation to comprehend the physics of the microworld, Advanced Particle Physics, Two-Volume Set develops the models, theoretical framework, and mathematical tools to understand current experiments and make predictions for future experiments. The set brings together a vast array of topics in modern particle physics and distill
Annotation The International Conference on Calorimetry in Particle Physics has become the major forum for state-of-the-art developments of calorimetry techniques. The tenth conference was attended by about 150 physicists from 20 countries and covered all aspects of calorimetric particle detection and measurements, with emphasis on high energy physics experiments as well as experiments in nuclear physics and astrophysics.The proceedings contain three parts: introductory papers, contributed papers and a summary. The introductory papers start with a historical review of the development of calorimetry technology, and continue with overviews of the current status of calorimetry in high energy physics and astrophysics, which are followed by discussions on calorimetry in future accelerator facilities, such as linear colliders and the Super B Factory. A "hot" technology regarding the "energy flow concept" is also dealt with
Introduction / M. Shifman -- Introducing Boris Ioffe / B.V. Geshkenbein -- Boris Lazarevich Ioffe is 75 / I.B. Khriplovich -- ch. 1. Pages of the past. A top secret assignment / B.L. Ioffe. Editor's comments. Snapshots from the 1950's / Yu. F. Orlov -- ch. 2. The making of QCD. Quantizing the Yang-Mills field / L.D. Faddeev. The discovery of asymptotic freedom and the emergence of QCD / D.J. Gross. Editor's note. Recollections on dimensional regularization and related topics / C.G. Bollini. Historical curiosity: how asymptotic freedom of the Yang-Mills theory could have been discovered three times before Gross, Wilczek, and politzer, but was not / M. Shifman -- ch. 3. From hadrons to nuclei: crossing the border / S.R. Beane [und weitere] -- ch. 4. Chiral dynamics / H. Leutwyler -- ch. 5. Aspects of chiral symmetry / A. Smilga -- ch. 6. Nucleons as chiral solitons / D. Diakonov and V. Yu. Petrov -- ch. 7. Chiral QCD: baryon dynamics / U. MeiBner -- ch. 8. Hadrons in the 1/N expansion / A.V. Manohar -- ch. 9. QCD inequalities / S. Nussinov -- ch. 10. Regge poles in QCD / A.B. Kaidalov -- ch. 11. Small x physics and the colored glass condensate / L. McLerran -- ch. 12. On Gribov's ideas on confinement / A. Vainshtein -- ch. 13. QCD in a finite volume / P. van Baal -- ch. 14. Compact variables and singular fields in QCD / F. Lenz and S. Wörlen -- ch. 15. Instanton-induced effects in QCD / E.V. Shuryak -- ch. 16. Perturbative QCD and the parton structure of the nucleon / W.-K. Tung -- ch. 17. Multiloop evolution of the QCD coupling constant and quark masses / K.G. Chetyrkin -- ch. 18. Multi-parton amplitudes in QCD / Z. Bern -- ch. 19. Generalized parton distributions / A. Radyushkin -- ch. 20. Analytical QCD and multiparticle production / V.A. Khoze, W. Ochs and J. Wosiek -- ch. 21. Space-time picture of high energy scattering / H.G. Dosch -- ch. 22. High-energy QCD and Wilson lines / I. Balitsky -- ch. 23. Exclusive processes in quantum chromodynamics and the light-cone Fock representation / S.J. Brodsky -- ch. 24. Quark-hadron duality / M. Shifman -- ch. 25. QCD sum rules, a modern perspective / P. Colangelo and A. Khodjamirian -- ch. 26. Topics in the heavy quark expansion / N. Uraltsev -- ch. 27. Weak decays of heavy quarks / F. De Fazio -- ch. 28. Renormalons and power corrections / M. Beneke and V.M. Braun -- ch. 29. Confinement, magnetic Z[symbol] symmetry and low-energy effective theory of gluodynamics / A. Kovner -- ch. 30. Flux tubes and confinement in the Seiberg-Witten theory: lessons for QCD / A. Yung -- ch. 31. Millennial messages for QCD from the superworld and from the string / M.J. Strassler -- ch. 32. The center symmetry and its spontaneous breakdown at high temperature / K. Holland and U.-J. Wiese -- ch. 33. 2D model field theories and finite temperature and density / V. Schön and M. Thies -- ch. 34. Hot and dense QCD / A.V. Smilga -- ch. 35. The condensed matter physics of QCD / K. Rajagopal and F. Wilczek
This proceedings volume is devoted to a wide variety of items, both in theory and experiment, of particle physics such as tests of the Standard Model and beyond, physics at the future accelerators, neutrino and astroparticle physics, heavy quark physics, non-perturbative QCD, quantum gravity effects and cosmology. It is important that the papers in this volume reveal the present status and new developments in the above-mentioned items on the eve of a new era that starts with the Large Hadron Collider (LHC).
This textbook brings together nuclear and particle physics, presenting a balanced overview of both fields as well as the interplay between the two. The theoretical as well as the experimental foundations are covered, providing students with a deep understanding of the subject. In-chapter exercises ranging from basic experimental to sophisticated theoretical questions provide an important tool for students to solidify their knowledge. Suitable for upper undergraduate courses in nuclear and particle physics as well as more advanced courses, the book includes road maps guiding instructors on tailoring the content to their course. Online resources including color figures, tables, and a solutions manual complete the teaching package. This textbook will be essential for students preparing for further study or a career in the field who require a solid grasp of both nuclear and particle physics.
Social networks have emerged as a major trend in computing and social paradigms in the past few years. The social network model helps to inform the study of community behavior, allowing qualitative and quantitative assessments of how people communicate and the rules that govern communication. Social Networking and Community Behavior Modeling: Qualitative and Quantitative Measures provides a clear and consolidated view of current social network models. This work explores new methods for modeling, characterizing, and constructing social networks. Chapters contained in this book study critical security issues confronting social networking, the emergence of new mobile social networking devices and applications, network robustness, and how social networks impact the business aspects of organizations.
Helping readers understand the complicated laws of nature, Advanced Particle Physics Volume I: Particles, Fields, and Quantum Electrodynamics explains the calculations, experimental procedures, and measuring methods of particle physics. It also describes modern physics devices, including accelerators, elementary particle detectors, and neutrino telescopes. The book first introduces the mathematical basis of modern quantum field theory. It presents the most pertinent information on group theory, proves Noether’s theorem, and determines the major motion integrals connected with both space and internal symmetry. The second part on fundamental interactions and their unifications discusses the main theoretical preconditions and experiments that allow for matter structure to be established at the quark-lepton level. In the third part, the author investigates the secondary quantized theories of free fields with spin 0, 1/2, and 1, with particular emphasis on the neutrino field. The final part focuses on quantum electrodynamics, the first successfully operating quantum field theory. Along with different renormalization schemes of quantum field theory, the author covers the calculation methods for polarized and unpolarized particles, with and without inclusion of radiative corrections. Each part in this volume contains problems to help readers master the calculation techniques and generalize the results obtained. To improve understanding of the computation procedures in quantum field theory, the majority of the calculations have been performed without dropping complex intermediate steps.
The Advanced Study Institute on Field Theoretical Methods in Particle Physics was held at the Universitat Kaiserslautern in Kaiserslautern, Germany, from August 13 to August 24, 1979. Twenty invited lectures and seminar-speakers and 100 other participants attended this Institute. The contributions of most of the lecturers and seminar-speakers are contained in this volume. The revival of field theory in elementary particle physics that started about ten years ago has influenced all branches of elementary particle physics from fundamental research to pure phenomenology. The selection of field theoretical methods in part icle physics appropriate for the Institute is therefore the first task for the organizers. We decided to have constructive problems of gauge field theories and solvable models as two major areas to be covered during the Institute. If one considers the concepts and terminology currently used by pure field theorists, one notices that many of them were introduced and discussed first by pheno menologists in comparing quite elementary models directly with experimental data. For this reason, it seemed worthwhile to re serve considerable time to phenomenological field theory. The Institute was sponsored by the North Atlantic Treaty Organization whose funds made the Institute possible. It was co sponsored by the Bundes-Ministerium fur Forschung und Technologie in Bonn and the Landes-Ministerium fUr Kultus in Mainz. The City of Kaiserslautern made the Theodor Zink Museum avail able for a reception. Thanks are due in particular to its director, Dr. Dunkel.
These proceedings are devoted to a wide variety of items, both in theory and experiment, of particle physics such as neutrino and astroparticle physics, tests of the standard model and beyond, and hadron physics. Also covered are gravitation and cosmology, and physics from present and future accelerators. Contents:Neutrino PhysicsPhysics at Accelerators and Studies in SM and BeyondAstroparticle Physics and CosmologyCP Violation and Rare DecaysHadron PhysicsNew Developments in Quantum Field TheoryProblems of Intelligentsia Readership: Advanced undergrads and graduate students, and professionals, both experimentalists and theoreticians, working in particle physics and high energy physics, gravitation and cosmology. Keywords:Neutrino Physics;High Energy Physics;Astroparticle Physics and Cosmology