Search Results for: National Security Entrepreneurs And The Making Of American Foreign Policy

National Security Entrepreneurs and the Making of American Foreign Policy

National Security Entrepreneurs and the Making of American Foreign Policy

Author: Vincent Boucher

Publisher: McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP

ISBN: 9780228004288

Category: Political Science

Page:

View: 202

Since the advent of the contemporary US national security apparatus in 1947, entrepreneurial public officials have tried to reorient the course of the nation's foreign policy. Acting inside the National Security Council system, some principals and high-ranking officials have worked tirelessly to generate policy change and innovation on the issues they care about. These entrepreneurs attempt to set the foreign policy agenda, frame policy problems and solutions, and orient the decision-making process to convince the president and other decision makers to choose the course they advocate. In National Security Entrepreneurs and the Making of American Foreign Policy Vincent Boucher, Charles-Philippe David, and Karine Prémont develop a new concept to study entrepreneurial behaviour among foreign policy advisers and offer the first comprehensive framework of analysis to answer this crucial question: why do some entrepreneurs succeed in guaranteeing the adoption of novel policies while others fail? They explore case studies of attempts to reorient US foreign policy waged by National Security Council entrepreneurs, examining the key factors enabling success and the main forces preventing the adoption of a preferred option: the entrepreneur's profile, presidential leadership, major players involved in the policy formulation and decision-making processes, the national political context, and the presence or absence of significant opportunities. By carefully analyzing significant diplomatic and military decisions of the Johnson, Nixon, Reagan, and Clinton administrations, and offering a preliminary account of contemporary national security entrepreneurship under presidents George W. Bush, Barack Obama, and Donald Trump, this book makes the case for an agent-based explanation of foreign policy change and continuity.

Contemporary Cases in U.S. Foreign Policy

Contemporary Cases in U.S. Foreign Policy

Author: Ralph Carter

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9781538141427

Category: Political Science

Page: 413

View: 805

"The sixth edition begins with a brief introduction into foreign policymaking and the case study approach. Thirteen original case studies written expressly for this edited volume then follow. The cases deal with a wide range of policy areas: national security, homeland security, diplomacy, trade, immigration, epidemics, climate change, and Russian interference in the 2016 presidential election"--

Isolation and Engagement

Isolation and Engagement

Author: William Waltman Newmann

Publisher: University of Michigan Press

ISBN: 9780472220281

Category: Political Science

Page: 464

View: 153

Presidents and their advisors consistently seek to improve the management of their foreign policy decision processes. This book analyzes the successes and failures of administrations from Kennedy to Nixon as they sought to strike a balance between the personal style of the president and the need for a strong interagency structure that could systematically evaluate policy options. The narrative focuses on US decision making on China and Taiwan during the crucial era when the United States was considering moving from a policy of isolating China to a policy of engagement, culminating in Nixon’s historic 1972 trip to China. William Waltman Newmann has created an evolution-balance model, tested with case studies focusing on China policy by Kennedy, Johnson, Nixon, and Ford, showing how the relationships between a president and his advisors change based on the weaknesses or pathologies of the president’s management style. The author’s research is based on declassified archival material from the Eisenhower, Kennedy, Johnson, Nixon, and Ford presidential libraries.

The Oxford Handbook of U.S. National Security

The Oxford Handbook of U.S. National Security

Author: Derek S. Reveron

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780190680022

Category: Political Science

Page: 512

View: 268

National security is pervasive in government and society, but there is little scholarly attention devoted to understanding the context, institutions, and processes the U.S. government uses to promote the general welfare. The Oxford Handbook of U.S. National Security aims to fill this gap. Coming from academia and the national security community, its contributors analyze key institutions and processes that promote the peace and prosperity of the United States and, by extension, its allies and other partners. By examining contemporary challenges to U.S. national security, contributors consider ways to advance national interests. The United States is entering uncharted waters. The assumptions and verities of the Washington consensus and the early post-Cold War have broken down. After 15 years of war and the inability of two presidents to set a new long-term U.S. foreign policy approach in place, the uncertainties of the Trump administration symbolize the questioning of assumptions that is now going on as Americans work to re-define their place in the world. This handbook serves as a "how to" guide for students and practitioners to understand the key issues and roadblocks confronting those working to improve national security. The first section establishes the scope of national security highlighting the important debates to bridge the practitioner and scholarly approaches to national security. The second section outlines the major national security actors in the U.S. government, describes the legislative authorities and appropriations available to each institution, and considers the organizational essence of each actor to explain behavior during policy discussions. It also examines the tools of national security such as diplomacy, arms control, and economic statecraft. The third section focuses on underlying strategic approaches to national security addressing deterrence, nuclear and cyber issues, and multilateral approaches to foreign policy. The final section surveys the landscape of contemporary national security challenges. This is a critical resource for anyone trying to understand the complex mechanisms and institutions that govern U.S. national security.

U.S. Foreign Policy Today

U.S. Foreign Policy Today

Author: Steven W. Hook

Publisher: CQ Press

ISBN: 9781452288956

Category: Political Science

Page: 313

View: 925

This new contributed volume from Steven Hook and James Scott introduces students to the conduct of foreign policy under the Obama administration. Its twelve original essays, written by a stellar cast of experts in the field, address whether the Obama administration’s strategy represents a “renewal” of U.S. engagement. To what extent has this administration succeeded in building both the domestic and international constituencies needed to implement its foreign policy goals? How exactly have Obama’s policies regarding drone strikes, prisoner abuse, extraordinary rendition, and climate change differed from Bush-era policies? Contributors provide detailed assessments of these and many other key questions. Designed to fit easily into courses on U.S. foreign policy, the volume’s first part looks at policy formulation, while the second part tackles policy domains. An extensive bibliography makes a great student resource for further research.

Congress and U.S. Foreign Policy

Congress and U.S. Foreign Policy

Author: Ralph G. Carter

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9781538151242

Category: Political Science

Page: 266

View: 130

Leading scholars in the study of congress and US foreign policy address congress’s vital role in determining how and why the US chooses it's international policy agendas. They address key aspects of congressional activism, assertiveness, and acquiescence in an era of divided government and polarized politics.

Contemporary Cases in U.S. Foreign Policy

Contemporary Cases in U.S. Foreign Policy

Author: Ralph G. Carter

Publisher: CQ Press

ISBN: UCSC:32106019903936

Category: Political Science

Page: 530

View: 989

Free Instructor’s Manual available online at ccusfp.cqpress.com. Crafting foreign policy today is a pluralistic process—more actors are involved, partisan loyalties are stronger, and decisions made elsewhere impact the U.S. in significant ways. The president, members of Congress, interest groups, NGOs, the media, and bureaucratic actors all compete to influence the way U.S. foreign policy is shaped and implemented. Editor Ralph Carter captures this interplay with 15 recent real-world cases—five brand new to this third edition. Whether grappling with the controversy stemming from immigration reform, dealing with Iran’s nuclear weapons program, exploring the impact of the WTO and export tax subsidies, or determining the rights of detainees in the war on terrorism, students are encouraged to question motives, consider alternatives, and analyze outcomes. Each case is consistently structured with a list of “before-you-begin” questions that frame the issues, introductory and background sections, a timeline of important events, and a descriptive list of key actors.

U.S. National Security and Foreign Policymaking After 9/11

U.S. National Security and Foreign Policymaking After 9/11

Author: M. Kent Bolton

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Pub Incorporated

ISBN: STANFORD:36105123313079

Category: Political Science

Page: 456

View: 358

Examines the external, societal, and governmental sources of change to US national-security policymaking that were begun by 9/11, memorialized by the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act (2004). This book chronicles the manifold changes and what caused them.