Search Results for: Key Policy Challenges And Opportunities To Improve Care For People With Mental Health And Substance Use Disorders

Key Policy Challenges and Opportunities to Improve Care for People with Mental Health and Substance Use Disorders

Key Policy Challenges and Opportunities to Improve Care for People with Mental Health and Substance Use Disorders

Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309672238

Category: Medical

Page: 116

View: 642

Behavioral health and substance use disorders affect approximately 20 percent of the U.S. population. Of those with a substance use disorder, approximately 60 percent also have a mental health disorder. Together, these disorders account for a substantial burden of disability, have been associated with an increased risk of morbidity and mortality from other chronic illnesses, and can be risk factors for incarceration, homelessness, and death by suicide. In addition, they can compromise a person's ability to seek out and afford health care and adhere to treatment recommendations. To explore data, policies, practices, and systems that affect the diagnosis and provision of care for mental health and substance use disorders, the Health and Medicine Division of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine created the Forum on Mental Health and Substance Use Disorders. The forum activities are expected to advance the discussion and generate potential ideas on ways to address many of the most persistent problems in delivering mental health and substance use services. The inaugural workshop, held October 15-16, 2019, in Washington, DC, explored the key policy challenges that impede efforts to improve care for those individuals with mental health and substance use disorders. This publication summarizes the presentations and discussion of the workshop.

Key Policy Challenges and Opportunities to Improve Care for People with Mental Health and Substance Use Disorders

Key Policy Challenges and Opportunities to Improve Care for People with Mental Health and Substance Use Disorders

Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309672207

Category: Medical

Page: 117

View: 363

Behavioral health and substance use disorders affect approximately 20 percent of the U.S. population. Of those with a substance use disorder, approximately 60 percent also have a mental health disorder. Together, these disorders account for a substantial burden of disability, have been associated with an increased risk of morbidity and mortality from other chronic illnesses, and can be risk factors for incarceration, homelessness, and death by suicide. In addition, they can compromise a person's ability to seek out and afford health care and adhere to treatment recommendations. To explore data, policies, practices, and systems that affect the diagnosis and provision of care for mental health and substance use disorders, the Health and Medicine Division of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine created the Forum on Mental Health and Substance Use Disorders. The forum activities are expected to advance the discussion and generate potential ideas on ways to address many of the most persistent problems in delivering mental health and substance use services. The inaugural workshop, held October 15-16, 2019, in Washington, DC, explored the key policy challenges that impede efforts to improve care for those individuals with mental health and substance use disorders. This publication summarizes the presentations and discussion of the workshop.

Crime and Justice, Volume 45

Crime and Justice, Volume 45

Author: Michael Tonry

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226440941

Category: Social Science

Page: 512

View: 619

Sentencing Policies and Practices in Western Countries: Comparative and Cross-national Perspectives is the forty-fifth addition to the Crime and Justice series. Contributors include Thomas Weigend on criminal sentencing in Germany since 2000; Julian V. Roberts and Andrew Ashworth on the evolution of sentencing policy and practice in England and Wales from 2003 to 2015; Jacqueline Hodgson and Laurène Soubise on understanding the sentencing process in France; Anthony N. Doob and Cheryl Marie Webster on Canadian sentencing policy in the twenty-first century; Arie Freiberg on Australian sentencing policies and practices; Krzysztof Krajewski on sentencing in Poland; Alessandro Corda on Italian policies; Michael Tonry on American sentencing; and Tapio Lappi-Seppälä on penal policy and sentencing in the Nordic countries.

Crime and Justice, Volume 46

Crime and Justice, Volume 46

Author: Michael Tonry

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226490052

Category: Social Science

Page: 512

View: 306

Justice Futures: Reinventing American Criminal Justice is the forty-sixth volume in the Crime and Justice series. Contributors include Francis Cullen and Daniel Mears on community corrections; Peter Reuter and Jonathan Caulkins on drug abuse policy; Harold Pollack on drug treatment; David Hemenway on guns and violence; Edward Mulvey on mental health and crime; Edward Rhine, Joan Petersilia, and Kevin Reitz on parole policies; Daniel Nagin and Cynthia Lum on policing; Craig Haney on prisons and incarceration; Ronald Wright on prosecution; and Michael Tonry on sentencing policies.

Caring for People with Mental Health and Substance Use Disorders in Primary Care Settings

Caring for People with Mental Health and Substance Use Disorders in Primary Care Settings

Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309682688

Category: Medical

Page: 123

View: 848

Behavioral health conditions, which include mental health and substance use disorders, affect approximately 20 percent of Americans. Of those with a substance use disorder, approximately 60 percent also have a mental health disorder. As many as 80 percent of patients with behavioral health conditions seek treatment in emergency rooms and primary care clinics, and between 60 and 70 percent of them are discharged without receiving behavioral health care services. More than two-thirds of primary care providers report that they are unable to connect patients with behavioral health providers because of a shortage of mental health providers and health insurance barriers. Part of the explanation for the lack of access to care lies in a historical legacy of discrimination and stigma that makes people reluctant to seek help and also led to segregated and inhumane services for those facing mental health and substance use disorders. In an effort to understanding the challenges and opportunities of providing essential components of care for people with mental health and substance use disorders in primary care settings, the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine's Forum on Mental Health and Substance Use Disorders convened three webinars held on June 3, July 29, and August 26, 2020. The webinars addressed efforts to define essential components of care for people with mental health and substance use disorders in the primary care setting for depression, alcohol use disorders, and opioid use disorders; opportunities to build the health care workforce and delivery models that incorporate those essential components of care; and financial incentives and payment structures to support the implementation of those care models, including value-based payment strategies and practice-level incentives. This publication summarizes the presentations and discussion of the webinars.

Mental Health Policy and Practice Across Europe

Mental Health Policy and Practice Across Europe

Author: David McDaid

Publisher: Open University Press

ISBN: UOM:39015069316373

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 492

View: 244

We are proud to announce that this book is joint winner of the EHMA Baxter Award 2007. "A genuinely fantastic resourse; such a rare text that provides such factual information for students and lecturers. A rich review of the subject areas from across Europe. Fantastic text." Chris Kelly, Programme Leader, Bournemouth University "Mental Health Policy and Practice Across Europe is a fascinating, complicated volume that looks at one of the key dimensions of contemporary mental health policy development in Europe — the role of the European Union (EU)." Medicine Weekly In much of Europe it remains taboo to discuss the challenges that poor mental health raises for governments, societies and particularly for people with mental health problems themselves. This book maps the current state of policy, service provision and funding for mental health care across Europe, taking into account the differing historical contexts that have shaped both the development and delivery of services. A holistic approach is adopted that aims to assess the influence on mental health of environmental factors such as housing, poverty, employment, social justice and displacement. Covering a wide range of policy issues, the book: Examines the legal rights of people with mental health problems Addresses the impact of stigma, social exclusion and discrimination Reviews the role of users and their families in the development of mental health services and policy Reflects on approaches to reform and on the future development of services Evaluates opportunities for the rehabilitation of people with mental health problems Discusses the financing and organisation of mental health systems Reflects on approaches to reform and the future development of services Mental Health Policy and Practice Across Europe is key reading for policy makers, professionals involved in the delivery of health and social care services, voluntary agencies, non-governmental organizations, academics and students of health policy. Contributors: Francesco Amaddeo, University of Verona, Italy; Peter Anderson, Department of Primary Care, University of Oxford; Robert Anderson, Research Director, European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working ; Terry Brugha, University of Leicester; Peter Bower, National Primary Care Research and Development Centre, University of Mancheste; Lorenzo Burti, University of Verona, Italy; Kathryn Berzins, Claire Curran; Paul Cutler, The Hamlet Trust; Natalie Drew, Dept of Mental Health and Substance Abuse, World Health Organization, Genev; Angelo Fioritti, University of Bologna, Italy; Michelle Funk, Dept of Mental Health and Substance Abuse, World Health Organization, Geneva; Simon Gilbody, Department of Psychiatry, University of Leeds; Vidar Halsteinli, SINTEF, Oslo, Norway; Robert Hayward, The Hamlet Trust; Rachel Jenkins, WHO Collaborating Centre, Institute of Psychiatry, Kings College, London; Heinz Katschnig, University of Vienna, Austria; Robert Keukens, Geneva Initiative on Psychiatry, Hilversum, The Netherlands; Susan Kirkwood, European Federation of Associations of Families of People with Mental Illness, Belgium; Martin Knapp, Director, PSSRU and LSE Health and Social Care, London School of Economics and Political Science, London; Viviane Kovess, MGEN, Pari; Eva Jane Llopis, Prevention Research Centre, Academic Centre for Social Sciences and Department of Clinical Psychology, University of Nijmegen, The Netherlands; Jo Lucas, The Hamlet Trust; Ville Lehtinen, National Research and Development Centre for Welfare and Health (STAKES), Helsinki, Finland; Lorenza Magliano, Department of Psychiatry, University of Naples, Italy; David McDaid, LSE Health and Social Care and European Observatory on Health Systems and Policies, London School of Economics and Political Science; Elias Mossialos, Director, LSE Health and Social Care and European Observatory on Health Systems and Policies, London School of Economics and Political Science; Camilla Parker, Legal and Policy Consultant, Open Society Institute Budapest; Dainius Puras, Department of Social Pediatrics and Child Psychiatry, Vilnius Medical University; Roxana Radulescu, Mental Health Europe, Brussels; Diana Rose, Service Users Research Enterprise, Institute of Psychiatry, Kings College, London; Nikolas Rose, Department of Sociology, London School of Economics and Political Science; Luis Salvador, University of Cadiz, Spain; Benedetto Saraceno, Director, Mental Health, World Health Organization, Geneva; Liz Sayce, Director, Disability Rights Commission; Edward Shorter, University of Toronto; Michele Tansella, University of Verona; Graham Thornicroft, Health Services Research Department, Institute of Psychiatry, Kings College, London; Toma Tomov, Department of Psychiatry, University of Sofia, Bulgaria; Charles Watters, University of Kent, Canterbury; Richard Wynne, The Work Research Centre, Dublin; Robert Van Voren, General Secretary, Geneva Initiative on Psychiatry, Hilversum, The Netherlands; Ingrid Zechmeister, University of Vienna

Mental Health Care in the College Community

Mental Health Care in the College Community

Author: Jerald Kay

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781119964896

Category: Medical

Page: 396

View: 197

Mental health concerns are the most serious and prevalent health problems among students in higher education. Increasingly effective psychopharmacological and psychotherapeutic treatments have facilitated matriculation for students with histories of anxiety, mood, personality, eating and substance abuse disorders. This phenomenon has been accompanied by a striking increase in the number of previously undiagnosed students requesting treatment. College and university mental health programs struggle to care for larger numbers of students, necessitating greater interdisciplinary collaboration in treatment, research, outreach, and educational services. This book fills an important gap in the literature and provides a comprehensive resource for nearly every aspect of college mental health. It includes a strong emphasis on the training and education of graduate and professional students for future work in this field. Chapters are devoted to the significant ethical and legal issues related to treatment and associated administrative and policy challenges. Scholarly chapters on the promise of community mental health and public health approaches are especially innovative. There is also a chapter on international issues in college mental health which will be helpful to those students studying abroad. Mental Health Care in the College Community is written by acknowledged experts from mental health, college and university administration, legal and educational disciplines, all with extensive administrative and clinical experience in higher education settings. This book is clearly written and well illustrated with abundant tables, charts, and figures. This text will become essential reading for college mental health clinicians, graduate students in the mental health disciplines (psychiatry, psychology, counselling, nursing, and social work), student affairs deans and their staff, and even presidents or provosts of universities and colleges.

The Stigma of Mental Illness

The Stigma of Mental Illness

Author: Keith Dobson

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780197572610

Category: Medical

Page: 273

View: 724

Stigma is one of the major barriers to care for people with mental health and related disorders. Stigma includes negative beliefs about and hostile perceptions towards others, shame and self-stigma, discriminatory practices in hiring, promotion and recognition of people who suffer from mental health challenges, and structural and organizational policies and processes that result in inequalities for people who have mental health challenges. Stigma has been recognized as a significant factor in the well-being of people with mental health and related problems and can be more debilitating than the direct effects of mental health problems themselves. The Mental Health Commission of Canada (MHCC) was established to conduct policy reviews and to promote initiatives related to mental health. The Opening Minds program of the MHCC is the largest systematic effort in Canadian history to reduce stigma related to mental illnesses. The program has adopted the systematic development, evaluation and deployment of targeted programs based on theories of change, best practices and available research evidence as a model for stigma reduction. The Stigma of Mental Illness is an important vehicle to communicate conceptual issues in the field of stigma reduction, to document the work done to date within the MHCC Opening Minds program, and to offer practical strategies to broaden the scope and utility of the work for different contexts, cultures, and countries. This volume will be a global interest, given the growing importance of stigma reduction related to mental disorders and related problems.

Substance Use, End-of-Life Care and Multiple Deprivation

Substance Use, End-of-Life Care and Multiple Deprivation

Author: Gary Witham

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9781000779172

Category: Medical

Page: 162

View: 269

Focussing on end-of-life care for people who use, or have used, substances, this book explores their social and health care needs and the multiple disadvantages they have often experienced, discussing the complexities around access to care that result. Presenting models of good practice, case studies and empirically based evidence, Substance Use, End-of-Life Care is informative, rigorous and useful for policy and practice development. The first section foregrounds the personal experiences of people living with substance use, their families and friends, and the health and social care professionals who work with them. The second section looks at how health inequalities can impact people in need of palliative care, including chapters on health literacy, mental health and learning disabilities. The final section explores social challenges that may be experienced, including homelessness, sex work, racism and incarceration. This interdisciplinary volume is essential for researchers, practitioners, students and educators working around substance use, mental health and palliative and end-of-life care, who are looking for guidance and a reference for their work in supporting people at the end of their lives who have multiple and often complex needs.

Mental Health, Substance Use, and Wellbeing in Higher Education

Mental Health, Substance Use, and Wellbeing in Higher Education

Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309124126

Category: Medical

Page: 213

View: 934

Student wellbeing is foundational to academic success. One recent survey of postsecondary educators found that nearly 80 percent believed emotional wellbeing is a "very" or "extremely" important factor in student success. Studies have found the dropout rates for students with a diagnosed mental health problem range from 43 percent to as high as 86 percent. While dealing with stress is a normal part of life, for some students, stress can adversely affect their physical, emotional, and psychological health, particularly given that adolescence and early adulthood are when most mental illnesses are first manifested. In addition to students who may develop mental health challenges during their time in postsecondary education, many students arrive on campus with a mental health problem or having experienced significant trauma in their lives, which can also negatively affect physical, emotional, and psychological wellbeing. The nation's institutions of higher education are seeing increasing levels of mental illness, substance use and other forms of emotional distress among their students. Some of the problematic trends have been ongoing for decades. Some have been exacerbated by the COVID-19 pandemic and resulting economic consequences. Some are the result of long-festering systemic racism in almost every sphere of American life that are becoming more widely acknowledged throughout society and must, at last, be addressed. Mental Health, Substance Use, and Wellbeing in Higher Education lays out a variety of possible strategies and approaches to meet increasing demand for mental health and substance use services, based on the available evidence on the nature of the issues and what works in various situations. The recommendations of this report will support the delivery of mental health and wellness services by the nation's institutions of higher education.

Compassionate Management of Mental Health in the Modern Workplace

Compassionate Management of Mental Health in the Modern Workplace

Author: John A. Quelch

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319715414

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 215

View: 926

This proactive guide brings the relationship between work life and mental well-being into sharp focus, surveying common challenges and outlining real-life solutions. The authors’ approach posits managers as the chief mental health officers of their teams, offering both a science-based framework for taking stock of their own impact on the workplace and strategies for improvement. Areas for promoting mental wellness include reducing stress and stigma, building a safe climate for talking about mental health issues, recognizing at-risk employees, and embracing diversity and neurodiversity. Emphasizing key questions to which managers should be attuned, the book speaks to its readers—whether in corporate, nonprofit, start-up, or non-business organizations—as a friendly and trusted mentor. Featured in the coverage: · Mind the mind: how am I doing, and how can I do better? · Dare to care: how are my people doing, and how might I help? · Building blocks for mental health: how do I manage my team? · Stress about stressors: what is constantly changing in the environment? · Changing my organization and beyond: how can I have a greater impact? Compassionate Management of Mental Health in the Modern Workplace holds timely relevance for managers, human resources staff, chief medical officers, development heads in professional service firms, union or employee organization leaders, legal and financial professionals, and others in leadership and coaching positions. “Workplace mental health: Wow! A subject that frightens most managers. If they read this book, they will strengthen their own skills and transform their workplace and our society.” Donna E. Shalala, Trustee Professor of Political Science and Health Policy, University of Miami; former U.S. Secretary of Health and Human Services “Mental health is an underappreciated, and oft-misunderstood challenge that is growing in the modern workplace. This book provides leaders with practical advice to address mental health challenges in their organization and improve productivity and wellbeing. This is a topic that can no longer be ignored by leaders in any field, and a book that will fundamentally change the way we think about and help improve mental health in the workplace.” Dominic Barton, Managing Director, McKinsey & Company