**Author**: Shijun Liao

**Publisher:** Springer Science & Business Media

**ISBN:** 9783642251320

**Category:** Mathematics

**Page:** 400

**View:** 362

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## Homotopy Analysis Method in Nonlinear Differential Equations

"Homotopy Analysis Method in Nonlinear Differential Equations" presents the latest developments and applications of the analytic approximation method for highly nonlinear problems, namely the homotopy analysis method (HAM). Unlike perturbation methods, the HAM has nothing to do with small/large physical parameters. In addition, it provides great freedom to choose the equation-type of linear sub-problems and the base functions of a solution. Above all, it provides a convenient way to guarantee the convergence of a solution. This book consists of three parts. Part I provides its basic ideas and theoretical development. Part II presents the HAM-based Mathematica package BVPh 1.0 for nonlinear boundary-value problems and its applications. Part III shows the validity of the HAM for nonlinear PDEs, such as the American put option and resonance criterion of nonlinear travelling waves. New solutions to a number of nonlinear problems are presented, illustrating the originality of the HAM. Mathematica codes are freely available online to make it easy for readers to understand and use the HAM. This book is suitable for researchers and postgraduates in applied mathematics, physics, nonlinear mechanics, finance and engineering. Dr. Shijun Liao, a distinguished professor of Shanghai Jiao Tong University, is a pioneer of the HAM.
## Modified Homotopy Analysis Method

We present a modification of an analytic technique, namely the homotopy analysis method (HAM) to obtain symbolic approximate solutions for linear and nonlinear differential equations of fractional order. This method was applied to three examples: a fractional oscillation equation, a fractional Riccati equation and a fractional Lane-Emden equation which were presented as fractional initial value problems (FIVPs). We extend this modification to provide approximate solutions of linear and nonlinear fractional boundary value problems (FBVPs). Four examples are tested using the extended approach. Also, four physical problems are solved using the modification of the HAM. The HAM is a strong and easy-to-use analytic tool for nonlinear problems and does not need small / large parameters in the equations.Comparison of the results with those of Adomian decomposition method (ADM), variational iteration method (VIM), and homotopy perturbation method (HPM), has led us to significant consequences. The obtained results show that the present method is very effective and convenient in solving nonlinear cases and the ADM, VIM and HPM are special cases of the HAM.
## Advances in the Homotopy Analysis Method

Unlike other analytic techniques, the Homotopy Analysis Method (HAM) is independent of small/large physical parameters. Besides, it provides great freedom to choose equation type and solution expression of related linear high-order approximation equations. The HAM provides a simple way to guarantee the convergence of solution series. Such uniqueness differentiates the HAM from all other analytic approximation methods. In addition, the HAM can be applied to solve some challenging problems with high nonlinearity. This book, edited by the pioneer and founder of the HAM, describes the current advances of this powerful analytic approximation method for highly nonlinear problems. Coming from different countries and fields of research, the authors of each chapter are top experts in the HAM and its applications. Contents:Chance and Challenge: A Brief Review of Homotopy Analysis Method (S-J Liao)Predictor Homotopy Analysis Method (PHAM) (S Abbasbandy and E Shivanian)Spectral Homotopy Analysis Method for Nonlinear Boundary Value Problems (S Motsa and P Sibanda)Stability of Auxiliary Linear Operator and Convergence-Control Parameter (R A Van Gorder)A Convergence Condition of the Homotopy Analysis Method (M Turkyilmazoglu)Homotopy Analysis Method for Some Boundary Layer Flows of Nanofluids (T Hayat and M Mustafa)Homotopy Analysis Method for Fractional Swift–Hohenberg Equation (S Das and K Vishal)HAM-Based Package NOPH for Periodic Oscillations of Nonlinear Dynamic Systems (Y-P Liu)HAM-Based Mathematica Package BVPh 2.0 for Nonlinear Boundary Value Problems (Y-L Zhao and S-J Liao) Readership: Graduate students and researchers in applied mathematics, physics, nonlinear mechanics, engineering and finance. Keywords:Analytic Approxiamtion Method;Nonlinear;Homotopy;Applied MathematicsKey Features:The method described in the book can overcome almost all restrictions of other analytic approximation method for nonlinear problemsThis book is the first in homotopy analysis method, covering the newest advances, contributed by many top experts in different fields
## Nonlinear Flow Phenomena and Homotopy Analysis

Since most of the problems arising in science and engineering are nonlinear, they are inherently difficult to solve. Traditional analytical approximations are valid only for weakly nonlinear problems and often fail when used for problems with strong nonlinearity. “Nonlinear Flow Phenomena and Homotopy Analysis: Fluid Flow and Heat Transfer” presents the current theoretical developments of the analytical method of homotopy analysis. This book not only addresses the theoretical framework for the method, but also gives a number of examples of nonlinear problems that have been solved by means of the homotopy analysis method. The particular focus lies on fluid flow problems governed by nonlinear differential equations. This book is intended for researchers in applied mathematics, physics, mechanics and engineering. Both Kuppalapalle Vajravelu and Robert A. Van Gorder work at the University of Central Florida, USA.
## Advanced Numerical and Semi-Analytical Methods for Differential Equations

Examines numerical and semi-analytical methods for differential equations that can be used for solving practical ODEs and PDEs This student-friendly book deals with various approaches for solving differential equations numerically or semi-analytically depending on the type of equations and offers simple example problems to help readers along. Featuring both traditional and recent methods, Advanced Numerical and Semi Analytical Methods for Differential Equations begins with a review of basic numerical methods. It then looks at Laplace, Fourier, and weighted residual methods for solving differential equations. A new challenging method of Boundary Characteristics Orthogonal Polynomials (BCOPs) is introduced next. The book then discusses Finite Difference Method (FDM), Finite Element Method (FEM), Finite Volume Method (FVM), and Boundary Element Method (BEM). Following that, analytical/semi analytic methods like Akbari Ganji's Method (AGM) and Exp-function are used to solve nonlinear differential equations. Nonlinear differential equations using semi-analytical methods are also addressed, namely Adomian Decomposition Method (ADM), Homotopy Perturbation Method (HPM), Variational Iteration Method (VIM), and Homotopy Analysis Method (HAM). Other topics covered include: emerging areas of research related to the solution of differential equations based on differential quadrature and wavelet approach; combined and hybrid methods for solving differential equations; as well as an overview of fractal differential equations. Further, uncertainty in term of intervals and fuzzy numbers have also been included, along with the interval finite element method. This book: Discusses various methods for solving linear and nonlinear ODEs and PDEs Covers basic numerical techniques for solving differential equations along with various discretization methods Investigates nonlinear differential equations using semi-analytical methods Examines differential equations in an uncertain environment Includes a new scenario in which uncertainty (in term of intervals and fuzzy numbers) has been included in differential equations Contains solved example problems, as well as some unsolved problems for self-validation of the topics covered Advanced Numerical and Semi Analytical Methods for Differential Equations is an excellent text for graduate as well as post graduate students and researchers studying various methods for solving differential equations, numerically and semi-analytically.
## Analytical Methods in Nonlinear Oscillations

This book covers both classical and modern analytical methods in nonlinear systems. A wide range of applications from fundamental research to engineering problems are addressed. The book contains seven chapters, each with miscellaneous problems and their detailed solutions. More than 100 practice problems are illustrated, which might be useful for students and researchers in the areas of nonlinear oscillations and applied mathematics. With providing real world examples, this book shows the multidisciplinary emergence of nonlinear dynamical systems in a wide range of applications including mechanical and electrical oscillators, micro/nano resonators and sensors, and also modelling of global warming, epidemic diseases, sociology, chemical reactions, biology and ecology.
## Generalized Fractional Order Differential Equations Arising in Physical Models

This book analyzes the various semi-analytical and analytical methods for finding approximate and exact solutions of fractional order partial differential equations. It explores approximate and exact solutions obtained by various analytical methods for fractional order partial differential equations arising in physical models.
## Advances in Fuzzy Integral and Differential Equations

As the title of the book suggests, the topics of this book are organized into two parts. The first part points out the fuzzy differential equations and the second one is related to the fuzzy integral equations. The book contains nine chapters that six chapters are about fuzzy differential equations and three of them are about fuzzy integral equations. In each part, the chapters’ authors are going to discuss the topics theoretically and numerically. All researchers and students in the field of mathematical, computer, and also engineering sciences can benefit from the subjects of the book.
## Approximate Analytical Methods for Solving Ordinary Differential Equations

Approximate Analytical Methods for Solving Ordinary Differential Equations (ODEs) is the first book to present all of the available approximate methods for solving ODEs, eliminating the need to wade through multiple books and articles. It covers both well-established techniques and recently developed procedures, including the classical series solut
## Mathematical Techniques of Fractional Order Systems

Mathematical Techniques of Fractional Order Systems illustrates advances in linear and nonlinear fractional-order systems relating to many interdisciplinary applications, including biomedical, control, circuits, electromagnetics and security. The book covers the mathematical background and literature survey of fractional-order calculus and generalized fractional-order circuit theorems from different perspectives in design, analysis and realizations, nonlinear fractional-order circuits and systems, the fractional-order memristive circuits and systems in design, analysis, emulators, simulation and experimental results. It is primarily meant for researchers from academia and industry, and for those working in areas such as control engineering, electrical engineering, computer science and information technology. This book is ideal for researchers working in the area of both continuous-time and discrete-time dynamics and chaotic systems. Discusses multidisciplinary applications with new fundamentals, modeling, analysis, design, realization and experimental results Includes circuits and systems based on new nonlinear elements Covers most of the linear and nonlinear fractional-order theorems that will solve many scientific issues for researchers Closes the gap between theoretical approaches and real-world applications Provides MATLAB® and Simulink code for many applications in the book
## Mathematical Modelling, Applied Analysis and Computation

This book contains original research papers presented at the International Conference on Mathematical Modelling, Applied Analysis and Computation, held at JECRC University, Jaipur, India, on 6-8 July, 2018. Organized into 20 chapters, the book focuses on theoretical and applied aspects of various types of mathematical modelling such as equations of various types, fuzzy mathematical models, automata, Petri nets and bond graphs for systems of dynamic nature and the usage of numerical techniques in handling modern problems of science, engineering and finance. It covers the applications of mathematical modelling in physics, chemistry, biology, mechanical engineering, civil engineering, computer science, social science and finance. A wide variety of dynamical systems like deterministic, stochastic, continuous, discrete or hybrid, with respect to time, are discussed in the book. It provides the mathematical modelling of various problems arising in science and engineering, and also new efficient numerical approaches for solving linear and nonlinear problems and rigorous mathematical theories, which can be used to analyze a different kind of mathematical models. The conference was aimed at fostering cooperation among students and researchers in areas of applied analysis, engineering and computation with the deliberations to inculcate new research ideas in their relevant fields. This volume will provide a comprehensive introduction to recent theories and applications of mathematical modelling and numerical simulation, which will be a valuable resource for graduate students and researchers of mathematical modelling and industrial mathematics.
## Nonlinear Flow Phenomena and Homotopy Analysis

Since most of the problems arising in science and engineering are nonlinear, they are inherently difficult to solve. Traditional analytical approximations are valid only for weakly nonlinear problems and often fail when used for problems with strong nonlinearity. “Nonlinear Flow Phenomena and Homotopy Analysis: Fluid Flow and Heat Transfer” presents the current theoretical developments of the analytical method of homotopy analysis. This book not only addresses the theoretical framework for the method, but also gives a number of examples of nonlinear problems that have been solved by means of the homotopy analysis method. The particular focus lies on fluid flow problems governed by nonlinear differential equations. This book is intended for researchers in applied mathematics, physics, mechanics and engineering. Both Kuppalapalle Vajravelu and Robert A. Van Gorder work at the University of Central Florida, USA.