Search Results for: Forging Ahead Falling Behind

Forging Ahead, Falling Behind

Forging Ahead, Falling Behind

Author: Open Media Research Institute

Publisher: M.E. Sharpe

ISBN: 1563249251

Category: History

Page: 454

View: 976

This second annual survey by the Open Media Research Institute presents some 100 contributions on political developments in the 27 countries of the former socialist bloc. Sections on individual countries include a map, key statistics, brief discussions of domestic and foreign policy issues, excerpts from important documents, and profiles of major personalities. Some contributors provide general articles on regional economic developments and the processes involved with building democratic institutions. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Forging Ahead, Falling Behind and Fighting Back

Forging Ahead, Falling Behind and Fighting Back

Author: Nicholas Crafts

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781108341509

Category: Business & Economics

Page:

View: 628

To what extent has the British economy declined compared to its competitors and what are the underlying reasons for this decline? Nicholas Crafts, one of the world's foremost economic historians, tackles these questions in a major new account of Britain's long-run economic performance. He argues that history matters in interpreting current economic performance, because the present is always conditioned by what went before. Bringing together ideas from economic growth theory and varieties of capitalism to endogenous growth and cliometrics, he reveals the microeconomic foundations of Britain's economic performance in terms of the impact of institutional arrangements and policy choices on productivity performance. The book traces Britain's path from the first Industrial Revolution and global economic primacy through to its subsequent long-term decline, the strengths and weaknesses of the Thatcherite response, and the improvement in relative economic performance that was sustained to the eve of the financial crisis.

Managing the Modern Workplace

Managing the Modern Workplace

Author: Alan Booth

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317101376

Category: History

Page: 183

View: 481

A recurring theme in the history of modern Britain in the twentieth-century has been the failure of its manufacturing industry and the record of disorder and conflict in the industrial workplace. This image was reinforced by the evidence of national strikes from the 1960s until 1984. This emphasis on decline and disorder in British manufacturing has distorted our understanding of workplace relationships and cultures in the post-war years. This volume provides a fresh assessment of the diverse and complex world of the workplace and Britain's production cultures during the long boom. Essays investigate the public and private sectors, and both manufacturing and service industries. The volume begins with a comparison of labour management in the post-war automobile industry, exploring the role of the foreman in the management of shop floor labour in Britain and the USA. The following two essays are concerned with relations between management and workers in the publicly-owned corporations. The first examines negotiations over pay and effort at the Swindon locomotive works, including the cultural values which informed the behaviour of the bargainers. The second investigates managerial responses to technical change in the British gas industry. We then move into the service sector, with an essay on the management of clerical staff in banks, including a discussion of the different roles available to male and female workers, and the incorporation of automated technologies. The final essay looks at the involvement of the unions in workplace productivity and the extent to which Labour politics informed union behaviour. The essays in this volume shed new light on the reasons for Britain's economic performance and opens up earlier interpretations of national decline and adversarial workplace cultures for further debate.

The Cambridge Economic History of Modern Britain: Volume 2, Growth and Decline, 1870 to the Present

The Cambridge Economic History of Modern Britain: Volume 2, Growth and Decline, 1870 to the Present

Author: Roderick Floud

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781316061169

Category: Business & Economics

Page:

View: 231

A new edition of the leading textbook on the economic history of Britain since industrialization. Combining the expertise of more than thirty leading historians and economists, Volume 2 tracks the development of the British economy from late nineteenth-century global dominance to its early twenty-first century position as a mid-sized player in an integrated European economy. Each chapter provides a clear guide to the major controversies in the field and students are shown how to connect historical evidence with economic theory and how to apply quantitative methods. The chapters re-examine issues of Britain's relative economic growth and decline over the 'long' twentieth century, setting the British experience within an international context, and benchmark its performance against that of its European and global competitors. Suggestions for further reading are also provided in each chapter, to help students engage thoroughly with the topics being discussed.

The Oxford Handbook of American Economic History

The Oxford Handbook of American Economic History

Author: Edited by Louis P. Cain

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780190937065

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 640

View: 921

American economic history describes the transition of a handful of struggling settlements on the Atlantic seaboard into the nation with the most successful economy in the world today. As the economy has developed, so have the methods used by economic historians to analyze the process. Interest in economic history has sharply increased in recent years among the public, policy-makers, and in the academy. The current economic turmoil, calling forth comparisons with the Great Depression of the 1930s, is in part responsible for the surge in interest among the public and in policy circles. It has also stimulated greater scholarly research into past financial crises, the multiplier effects of fiscal and monetary policy, the dynamics of the housing market, and international economic cooperation and conflict. Other pressing policy issues--including the impending retirement of the Baby-Boom generation, the ongoing expansion of the healthcare sector, and the environmental challenges imposed by global climate change--have further increased demand for the long-run perspective given by economic history. Confronting this need, The Oxford Handbook of American Economic History affords access to the latest research on the crucial events, themes, and legacies of America's economic history--from colonial America, to the Civil War,up to present day. More than fifty contributors address topics as wide-ranging as immigration, agriculture, and urbanization. Over its two volumes, this handbook gives readers not only a comprhensive look at where the field of American economic history currently stands but where it is headed in the years to come.

Work and Pay in Twentieth-century Britain

Work and Pay in Twentieth-century Britain

Author: N. F. R. Crafts

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199280584

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 377

View: 664

The 20th century was a period of unrivalled change in the British labour market. Covering topics from lifetime work patterns and education to unemployment and the welfare state, this volume charts the transformation of work and pay across the 20th century. It provides the labour focused history of Britain.

The Return of the Policy That Shall Not Be Named: Principles of Industrial Policy

The Return of the Policy That Shall Not Be Named: Principles of Industrial Policy

Author: Reda Cherif

Publisher: International Monetary Fund

ISBN: 9781498305563

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 79

View: 917

Industrial policy is tainted with bad reputation among policymakers and academics and is often viewed as the road to perdition for developing economies. Yet the success of the Asian Miracles with industrial policy stands as an uncomfortable story that many ignore or claim it cannot be replicated. Using a theory and empirical evidence, we argue that one can learn more from miracles than failures. We suggest three key principles behind their success: (i) the support of domestic producers in sophisticated industries, beyond the initial comparative advantage; (ii) export orientation; and (iii) the pursuit of fierce competition with strict accountability.

Research in Economic History

Research in Economic History

Author: Alexander J. Field

Publisher: JAI Press Incorporated

ISBN: 0762312629

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 308

View: 804

Presents a study of the early years of the telegraph industry in the United States, estimates of the growth of the Spanish infrastructure between 1844 and 1935, and more. This book contains papers based on microeconomic data, on an investigation of late nineteenth century saving among working class families in the United States, and more.