Search Results for: Development After Globalization

Globalization in the Public Sector

Globalization in the Public Sector

Author: Richards Macdonald

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 9783656425786

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 7

View: 589

Seminar paper from the year 2011 in the subject Economics - International Economic Relations, grade: A, University of Cambridge, language: English, abstract: Free trade in a liberalized market is basically about achieving easier trade since it allows the market to balance the needs, demand and supply. On this note, globalization integrated with free trade has been an economic debate during and after recovery from World War I and II. On the global scale, the idea of globalized market has been facilitating international trade activities. However, based on its various policies and principles, the free trade has negatively been perceived due to its various economic, environmental, social and political impacts that portray very different implications of free trade. Consequently, various protests, like Seattle in 1999, have been witnessed against the way its principle and policies are formulated and implemented. As much as globalization and liberation of international trade may be seen as presenting various benefits to the world economy, this idea is greatly opposed based on the way it has contributed towards inflicting poverty upon people, poor principles and inequality. Therefore this essay will evaluate and discuss various pros and cons of this ideology, while supporting the opposition statement; it has brought more harm than good. In this regard, the essay will cover employment opportunities, Infrastructural development, Mercantilism, Interdependence, Workforce, Culture and environment. Employment opportunities- Globalization and liberalization of international trade has made it possible for international companies, organizations and investors to initiate business activities in other countries. On this note, citizens of receiving countries have been able to secure jobs (Amiti and Wakelin, 2009). As a result, the economy of such countries is increased thus contributing to overall increase in the world economy. However, it has been established that majority of international investors, especially western companies investing in African or Asian countries; prefer to work with cheap labor to working with costly workforce in the west (Markusen & Venables, 2008). So if this is the case, then it implies that liberalization of international trade can be held accountable for poor economic growth or economic levels of developing countries. In connection with this, whenever these developing countries experience slower economic growths, even the global economy must experience the same effects as continuously been reported in world economic survey reports.

Saving Globalization

Saving Globalization

Author: Mike Moore

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118179314

Category: Political Science

Page: 200

View: 574

Globalization is not new, nor is it a policy, it’s a processthat has existed as long as man looked over the horizon, travelledand traded. It can’t be stopped but it can beslowed. It came to a grinding halt in August 1914 and theMarxist detour cost millions of lives and lost three generationstheir opportunity and hope in many countries. More wealth hasbeen created in the past 60 years than in all of history. After the most successful decade of sustained economic growth inhistory, this progress is threatened. Extreme inequality, corruption and environmental degradationthreaten the stability and legitimacy of many developingcountries’ regimes. Anti-globalization andanti-capitalist campaigners’ confidence has been emboldeneddue to the present economic crisis. Protectionist rhetoric isgrowing as are the arguments to control and regulate markets. Leaders are meeting to discuss how to face these problems andcreate a new international architecture. How did we get tothis position? What should we do? What is it that determineswhy some contemporary states are successful while others havefailed? Saving Globalization departs from its analysis ofthe globalised economy in the twenty-first century to answer thesequestion by tracing the development of what Moore considers to be‘the big ideas of history’: democracy, independentcourts, the separation of church and state, property rights,independent courts, a professional civil service, and civilsociety. Democratic capitalism has worked for most people. Why? It is a remarkable story, from the Greeks to the Geeks,encompassing technological progress and the corrections andcontradictions between liberty and equality, technology, growth andthe environment. In defence of the many virtues andopportunities that globalisation offers, Mike Moore makes the casefor a fresh and new approach to our international Institutions andfor domestic policies that promote equity and fairness. The book controversially attacks the new enemies of reason andevidence. The threats now come from all sides, especiallyworkers in developed countries who fear for their jobs. MikeMoore is a political practitioner turned theoretician.

The Three Waves of Globalization

The Three Waves of Globalization

Author: Robert Robertson

Publisher: Zed Books

ISBN: STANFORD:36105025988242

Category: History

Page: 312

View: 584

Globalization requires a new reading of the human story. Historian Robbie Robertson argues that the human interconnections slowly developing since pre-history achieved global proportions for the first time 500 years ago. A globalized humanity needs a new consciousness of itself to avoid the upset threatened by ethnic and national tensions, environmental catastrophes, and a new democratic divide. Our nascent global consciousness, Robertson urges, needs to be fostered to effect global solutions based on an inclusive reading of history, economic democratization, and individual empowerment.

Globalization and Development Volume III

Globalization and Development Volume III

Author: Shigeru Thomas Otsubo

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317390893

Category: Political Science

Page: 296

View: 722

Globalization and Development is a "cross-national study" on the "interstate dispersion" of the impacts (on growth, inequality and poverty) that international economic integration provides to the economies of the developing countries. In order to present the "Leading Issues in Development with Globalization" in a balanced manner, to identify differences and commonalities among "Country Experiences" in development with globalization, and to introduce diversified development paradigms with forward-looking discussions "In Search of a New Development Paradigm" for the post-MDGs era, this publication consists of three volumes and four main parts. Volume III (Part IV) presents the diversified development paradigms such as the GNH (Bhutan), the sufficiency economy (Thailand), the reform and opening up paradigm (China), the African and Latin American paradigms, and the Islamic development paradigm. The Concluding Chapter presents the evolution of development paradigms in the global development cooperation community after World War II, and then offers a glimpse into new development paradigms for the post-MDG era. This book intends to serve as a unique and comprehensive guide for those in the international development community on the subjects of diversified development paradigms/paths under globalization and other challenges in the post-MDG era.

The Globalization of Politics

The Globalization of Politics

Author: Evan Luard

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

ISBN: UOM:39015017939649

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 214

View: 832

The book examines the kind of action that needs to be taken by world bodies in fields such as the trafficing of drugs, international terrorism, world hunger and other pressing problems, and the type of political activity through which individuals can seek to influence them.

Capitalism and Freedom

Capitalism and Freedom

Author: Peter Nolan

Publisher: Anthem Press

ISBN: 9781843312802

Category: Political Science

Page: 360

View: 999

Capitalist freedom is a two-edged sword. In an epoch of capitalist globalisation, its contradictions have intensified. They comprehensively threaten the natural environment. They have intensified global inequality within both rich and poor countries, and between the internationalised global power elite and the mass of citizens rooted within their respective nation. In this remarkable, expansive text, Peter Nolan explores the impact of the domineering economic phenomenon on our personal and social liberties. Readership: A key text for students and informed readers who have an interest in modern politics, economics and sociology.

The Role of International Institutions in Globalisation

The Role of International Institutions in Globalisation

Author: John-ren Chen

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: STANFORD:36105118019996

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 211

View: 286

In an increasingly globalised world, it is becoming ever more difficult for nation states to adapt to the international consequences of market failures, government failures and global externalities without co-operation and co-ordination with other countries. In the absence of any form of world government, the most effective solution to this problem is either to create new international institutions, reform existing ones or work within the prevailing institutional framework. This book presents a critical analysis of the role of international institutions and their performance in terms of justification, effectiveness and efficiency. The authors begin by discussing the controversies surrounding the Tobin Tax in the context of global governance. They move on to address important global issues where international institutions play a significant role. These include trade and FDI in relation to the WTO, and the reconciliation of order and justice in the international trading system. Further chapters investigate development issues and international institutions, most of which were not designed for the specific needs of developing countries. They assess whether international institutions can actually help to mitigate the tendency of uneven development in the global economy. Finally, the focus switches to the analysis and evaluation of one specific institution and its actions, namely, the Bank for International Settlements (BIS). This important theoretical and empirical analysis of the problems relating to the creation, evolution and role of international institutions will be of interest and value to academics and researchers of international trade, international economics, international relations and economic development.

Contesting Globalization

Contesting Globalization

Author: André C. Drainville

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 0415319293

Category: Political Science

Page: 232

View: 365

This work examines the challenges faced by those wishing to develop progressive visions of transparent global governance and civil society. It traces the history and development of the institutions of global governance as well as the emergence of the anti-globalization movement.

Ideologies of Globalization

Ideologies of Globalization

Author: Mark Rupert

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 0415189241

Category: Political Science

Page: 216

View: 611

This work examines the key debates about globalization and provides an analysis of the varied and often contradictory opposition to globalization within the United States.