AN INTRODUCTION TO HINDI Intermediate level builds on the foundations established in the first book (An Introduction to Hindi - elementary level). It equips the learner with a wider range of skills and exposes them to new literary devices. It is an essential accompaniment for anyone who seeks to continue learning Hindi to attain native proficiency.
This Book Organizes An Intermediate Level Course For Non-Native Learners Of Hindi (Or Urdu, For That Matter, In Aspects Of Grammar And Idiomatic Expressions). It Does So By Identifying The Subtler Aspects Of Phrasal And Sentential Constructions That Are Usually Pushed Aside As Æusageæ And Not Provided For Systematically. The Scheme Of Presentation In The Book As Providing For A Complete Course Is To Give A Background Introduction To Each Lesson Followed By The Lesson Itself And The Glossary, And Thereafter The Grammar And Exercises Relevant To That Lesson.
This is a comprehensive grammar of Modern Standard Hindi, the primary language spoken by more than 420 million people in India. Because each grammatical topic is thoroughly illustrated with basic examples and more complex ones from modern Hindi short stories, it can be used as a reference and supplementary grammar to any textbook from beginning to advanced levels. Its approach is efficient and effective and will be appreciated by students learning written and spoken Hindi in the classroom or independently, as well as by those wanting to read literary Hindi or teach it as a second language at the college level. Its appealing examples will enhance even heritage learners’ cultural knowledge of Hindi literature. Essential Hindi Grammar will draw in students who are new to language learning. Grammatical concepts are introduced and fully explained; basic grammatical terminology is presented in plain language but without over-simplifying material for more advanced learners. Numerous user-friendly tables accompany grammatical explanations. One of the benefits of the volume is its extensive coverage of abstract structures of the modern standard language. Drawing examples from Hindi literature, it combines the study of language with that of literature and literary culture—a rare approach to language acquisition. Scientific transliteration is provided consistently throughout the book, wherever Hindi in Devanagari is given. Essential Hindi Grammar is a solid addition to existing Hindi pedagogical materials and will assist those engaged in the acquisition of the language throughout the Anglophone world.
This text provides a reader-friendly guide to the structural patterns of modern standard Hindi. Ideal for both independent learners and classroom students alike, this book covers the essentials of Hindi grammar in readable, jargon-free sections. Key features include: sections on the speech sounds of Hindi detailed analysis of Hindi sentence structure full examples throughout.
Hindi: An Essential Grammar is a practical reference guide to the core structures and features of modern Hindi. Assuming no prior knowledge of Hindi grammar, this book avoids jargon and overly technical language as it takes the student through the complexities of Hindi grammar in short, readable sections. Suitable for either independent study or for students in schools, colleges, universities and adult education classes, key features include: Full examples throughout in both Devanagari and Roman script with a gloss in English Glossary of technical terms and detailed subject index Cross referencing between sections Authentic material provided in the appendix demonstrating grammar usage Hindi: An Essential Grammar will help students, in both formal and non-formal education and of all levels to read, speak and write the language with greater confidence and accuracy. The revised edition rectifies the printing errors inadvertently made in the first edition; it also further clarifies several other issues including Hindi word order flexibility, compound nouns, ergativity, pronominal usage and polite communication.
The Routledge Intermediate Hindi Reader has been specially designed for intermediate and advanced learners of Hindi and comprises a broad selection of graded readings. The materials have been carefully selected to ensure that students receive exposure to a wide variety of authentic Hindi texts, including news and magazine articles, extracts from social media websites, film dialogues and contemporary Hindi literature. Each reading is fully supported by: pre-reading activities notes on cultural references in the text a vocabulary list with English translation notes on key grammatical points arising from the text text-related comprehension questions and vocabulary-based exercises suggestions for writing and discussion activities based on the text a key to comprehension questions and vocabulary-based exercises online support which includes audio recordings and translations of texts, available at http://www.routledge.com/books/details/9780415601764/ Suitable for both class use and independent study, The Routledge Intermediate Hindi Reader is an essential tool for increasing language proficiency and enriching learners’ cultural knowledge.
This primer presents a systematic introduction to the structure of Modern Standard Hindi. It is intended to provide the student with a thorough foundation in the grammatical structure of that variety of Hindi that is commonly taught in Indian schools and that is the common vehicle of publication in Hindi. Although much emphasis is placed on the written language, discussion is also provided of aspects of conversational Hindi. The core of the work contains thirty on chapters. The first four offer discussions of the linguistic status of Hindi as well as comprehensive descriptions of Hindi phonetics and the Devanagari syllabary in which Hindi is written. Chapters 5 through 31 each contains descriptions of fundamental aspects of Hindi grammar. These chapters have extensive translation and grammatical exercises appended to them. The work as a whole introduces a core vocabulary of approximately fifteen hundred entries, incorporating lexical items found on most standard elementary word lists for the language. Supplemental materials in this book include graded reading passages, a guide to further study in Hindi, and Hindi English glossary. Although the Devanagari syllabary is used throughout the book, Roman transliteration is also provided through Chapter 15. A Primer of Modern Standard Hindi can be used in several different ways. It can be used as part of a university-level course as a text for Hindi grammar and writing. As such it will nicely supplement other materials addressing more conversational aspects of the language. It can also be used for self-study purposes by the student who does not have access to a formal instructional program.
In his ambitious survey of the Indo-Aryan languages, Colin Masica has provided a fundamental introduction which will interest not only general and theoretical linguists but also students of one or more of these languages who want to acquaint themselves with the broader linguistic context. Generally synchronic in approach, concentrating on the phonology, morphology and syntax of the modern representatives of the group, the volume also covers their historical development, areal context, writing systems and aspects of sociolinguistics. The survey is organised not on a language-by-language basis but by topic, so that salient theoretical issues may be discussed in a comparative context.
Are you looking for a complete course in Hindi which takes you effortlessly from beginner to confident speaker? Whether you are starting from scratch, or are just out of practice, Complete Hindi will guarantee success! The course is structured in thematic units and the emphasis is placed on communication, so that you effortlessly progress from introducing yourself and dealing with everyday situations, to using the phone and talking about work. Complete Hindi follows an interesting storyline to keep you engaged and allow you to progress rapidly, while learning about the culture of India. It's Colloquial approach allows you to be understood by both Hindi and Urdu speakers since both languages are virtually identical at this level. Complete Hindi has the following key features: - PRACTICAL: numerous exercises are provided throughout the book with an answer key at the end - ESTEEMED AUTHOR widely recognized as a world class teacher - AUTHOR INSIGHTS: Lots of instant help with common problems and quick tips for success, based on the authors' many years of experience. -GRAMMAR TIPS: Easy-to-follow building blocks to give you a clear understanding. -USEFUL VOCABULARY: Easy to find and learn, to build a solid foundation for speaking. -DIALOGUES: Read and listen to everyday dialogues to help you speak and understand fast. -PRONUNCIATION: Don't sound like a tourist! Perfect your pronunciation before you go. -TEST YOURSELF: Tests in the book and online to keep track of your progress. By the end of this course, you will approach Level B2 of the Common European Framework for Languages: Can interact with a degree of fluency and spontaneity that makes regular interaction with native speakers quite possible without strain for either party. This pack includes a book and one mp3 CD of audio material. Rely on Teach Yourself, trusted by language learners for over 75 years.
Reading Hindi: Novice to Intermediate is an innovative collection of graded readings that are both accessible in language and engaging in content, specifically designed for adult learners of Hindi. Ideal for those just starting out in Hindi, the texts provide culturally rich content written in simple, level-appropriate language, with a range of activities to reinforce learning. The graded readings support the learner as they build their confidence with the language, gradually encountering a wider range of grammar constructions and vocabulary as the book progresses. Reading Hindi can be used alongside a main textbook and is ideal for both class-use and independent study.
The Indo-Aryan languages are spoken by at least 700 million people throughout India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal, Sri Lanka and the Maldive Islands. They have a claim to great antiquity, with the earliest Vedic Sanskrit texts dating to the end of the second millennium B.C. With texts in Old Indo-Aryan, Middle Indo-Aryan and Modern Indo-Aryan, this language family supplies a historical documentation of language change over a longer period than any other subgroup of Indo-European. This volume is divided into two main sections dealing with general matters and individual languages. Each chapter on the individual language covers the phonology and grammar (morphology and syntax) of the language and its writing system, and gives the historical background and information concerning the geography of the language and the number of its speakers.