Understanding higher education and the knowledge economy in the Age of Globalization. Today, nearly every aspect of higher education—including student recruitment, classroom instruction, faculty research, administrative governance, and the control of intellectual property—is embedded in a political economy with links to the market and the state. Academic capitalism offers a powerful framework for understanding this relationship. Essentially, it allows us to understand higher education’s shift from creating scholarship and learning as a public good to generating knowledge as a commodity to be monetized in market activities. In Academic Capitalism in the Age of Globalization, Brendan Cantwell and Ilkka Kauppinen assemble an international team of leading scholars to explore the profound ways in which globalization and the knowledge economy have transformed higher education around the world. The book offers an in-depth assessment of the theoretical foundations of academic capitalism, as well as new empirical insights into how the process of academic capitalism has played out. Chapters address academic capitalism from historical, transnational, national, and local perspectives. Each contributor offers fascinating insights into both new conceptual interpretations of and practical institutional and national responses to academic capitalism. Incorporating years of research by influential theorists and building on the work of Sheila Slaughter, Larry Leslie, and Gary Rhoades, Academic Capitalism in the Age of Globalization provides a provocative update for understanding academic capitalism. The book will appeal to anyone trying to make sense of contemporary higher education.
John S. Levin, Susan T. Kater, and Richard L. Wagoner collectively argue that as community colleges organize themselves to respond to economic needs and employer demands, and as they rely more heavily upon workplace efficiencies such as part-time labor, they turn themselves into businesses or corporations and threaten their social and educational mission.
The direction of higher education is at a crossroads against a background of mounting sustainability related issues and uncertainties. This book seeks to inspire positive change in higher education through exploration of the rich notion of the sustainable university. Drawing on a wealth of experience, it provides reflective critical analysis on the potential of the sustainable university concept and offers advice for its implementation to researchers, professionals, students and policy makers.
The ascendance of the global knowledge economy has led many research universities to heighten their focus on attracting stellar applicants, luring super-star faculty, and attaining world-class status, leaving many unanswered questions about how university efforts are affecting local communities. Universities are expanding their geographic footprint to create new research facilities and accommodate increasing enrollment. These expansion efforts can damage their public reputations, as adjacent communities feel disenfranchised and immobilized by a powerful institution. This dissertation analyzes the East Baltimore redevelopment project (EBDI) neighboring Johns Hopkins Medical campus to illuminate how academic capitalism shapes university-community relations in the new economy. I argue universities driven by an academic capitalist impetus to expand and gentrify local communities--uprooting residents from their homes for the sake of improved facilities to accommodate students, faculty, and donors. Critical race counterstories give voice to predominantly Black university-adjacent neighborhood residents, who are literally at the margins of Hopkins and the larger system of White Supremacy. Qualitative interviews and document analysis confirmed that Middle East neighborhood residents did not see themselves reflected in the lifestyle amenities prioritized by the redevelopment plan. Residents expressed a lack of accountability from the "corporate" university and its complicity with the municipal government to disenfranchise undesirable communities (read: Communities of Color). Geo-statistical analyses of economic indicators from the US Census were used to test for gentrification. A spatio-temporal difference-in-differences approach explored how median income, educational attainment rates, and racial demographics were affected by expansion for census tracts within one-mile of the university, compared to similar census tracts across Baltimore. Spatial Regression models confirmed that post-expansion, areas in the EBDI footprint experienced changes in median income, rent, and percent White population beyond the rate of change elsewhere in Baltimore. University-driven redevelopment in East Baltimore clearly contributed to gentrification. This study highlights tensions to be reconciled as White, elite, urban universities encroach upon poor communities of color, e.g., global ambition and local impact, marketization and the public good, and questions of race and class. Rather than a simple redevelopment process in an economically distressed community, the EBDI project illuminated complex legacies of racial segregation, exploitation by Johns Hopkins Medical Institutes, forced decay through land-banking and vacancies, and historical governmental failures to redevelop the Middle East neighborhood. These combined processes of racial subordination inform and are perpetuated by EBDI expansion.
This book examines the political economy of academic capitalism, investigating why and how the economic logic of capital accumulation has come to dominate the academy, how this domination has changed the struggle for recognition in the academic field, and the consequences for academic freedom and the evolution of scientific knowledge.
You hear a lot these days about "innovation and entrepreneurship" and about how "good jobs" in tech will save our cities. Yet these common tropes hide a stunning reality: local lives and fortunes are tied to global capital. You see this clearly in metropolises such as San Francisco and New York that have emerged as "superstar cities." In these cities, startups bloom, jobs of the future multiply, and a meritocracy trained in digital technology, backed by investors who control deep pools of capital, forms a new class: the tech-financial elite. In The Innovation Complex, the eminent urbanist Sharon Zukin shows the way these forces shape the new urban economy through a rich and illuminating account of the rise of the tech sector in New York City. Drawing from original interviews with venture capitalists, tech evangelists, and economic development officials, she shows how the ecosystem forms and reshapes the city from the ground up. Zukin explores the people and plans that have literally rooted digital technology in the city. That in turn has shaped a workforce, molded a mindset, and generated an archipelago of tech spaces, which in combination have produced a now-hegemonic "innovation" culture and geography. She begins with the subculture of hackathons and meetups, introduces startup founders and venture capitalists, and explores the transformation of the Brooklyn waterfront from industrial wasteland to "innovation coastline." She shows how, far beyond Silicon Valley, cities like New York are shaped by an influential "triple helix" of business, government, and university leaders--an alliance that joins C. Wright Mills's "power elite," real estate developers, and ambitious avatars of "academic capitalism." As a result, cities around the world are caught between the demands of the tech economy and communities' desires for growth--a massive and often--insurmountable challenge for those who hope to reap the rewards of innovation's success.