For over fifty years, the people of South Sudan fought for the right to be citizens of an independent nation-state. When this goal was finally achieved, however, it quickly became evident that the South Sudanese nation was not nearly as cohesive as hoped. The result has been a catastrophic civil war. Spanning South Sudan's nation-building struggle from its inception up until the current civil war, this book challenges the notion that the continued violence of this process can be reduced to either identity difference or the fault of individual leaders. Rather, it uses the leadership process to understand the complex progressions and relationships that have characterised South Sudan's nation-building trajectory. The book argues that the core driving force behind the current conflict in South Sudan can be found not in ethnicity, the “resource curse” or power struggle, but in a set of destructive relationships that have fueled violence and oppression in the country for the better part of a century. This cyclical leadership process has entrapped the country in an increasingly destructive and contradictory nation-building process that continues to spiral and disintegrate.
I hope that the essays included in Leadership and Nation Building in Africa will encourage conversations that go beyond campus. The insights provided here suggest the world can have a better future, with the nations of Africa helping to pave the way. A thriving continent of Africa could move the world toward greater stability, a higher quality of life, and more thoughtful use of natural resources. Jay Barnes, Bethel University President
Sierra Leone is in her final phase of a Post-civil War rebuilding after twelve years of what has been dubbed one of the most devastating civil conflicts in Modern African History. Since the advent and end of the conflict a lot has been written in the forms of documentaries, reportages, commentaries, satires and academic textbooks by journalists, academics, politicians, former heads of state and political analysts. However, this book- `A New Perspective On Governance, Leadership, Conflict and Nation Building in Sierra Leone.', is different. It presents a new outlook in the sense that it is incisive, analytical, honest, educative and thought-provoking at the same time. The key message that runs through the veins of the theme is state renewal informed by new thinking spectacles that efficiently configure the manner in which the management of state leadership and governance is articulated for the benefits of the common good. The author, Solomon E. Berewa was one of the key actors- Chief Government Negotiator and stakeholder of the peace deals in his capacity as Minister of Justice and Attorney General and Vice President of the Republic of Sierra Leone. He has written this masterpiece authoritatively by throwing fresh lights on the serious political issues and questions which have blurred the significance of the past and the present. Like any sincere agent of nation building, after a traumatic experience such as the one Sierra Leone went through, the rationale of the author is to build bridges across the board, political spectrums. In his estimation, it is only by looking into the past with open mind and sincerity, learn tangible lessons and act on them meticulously, that nations can be in position to surmount current challenges for the good and durability of a better tomorrow. Post-war Sierra Leone needs to have faith in this philosophy and crown it as the cornerstone in this crucial period of political and socio-economic renewal.
This meticulous and comprehensive documentation of Cameroonian Youth Day Messages and leadership discourse on youth from 1949 - 2009 is a gold mine for researchers, historians and anyone interested in studying youth, politics and society in Africa. The book presents and explores themes and content of Youth Day Messages: how these messages tied in with, or veered away from, key events and issues of the time; how they served as a platform for West Cameroon governments, and the Ahidjo and Biya regimes to articulate their political vision, justify their policies, sell their respective ideologies to the youth; and what lessons could be drawn from them on competing, conflicting and complementary perspectives on youth agency in Cameroon and Africa. Churchill links the Youth Day to ongoing discussions in Africa about the role and place of youths as agents of development in Africa. Most significantly, he finally puts Cameroon's controversial Youth Day in its appropriate historical context - not as a political device created by the Francophone politicians to distort Cameroonian history and erase 'plebiscite day' from the collective memory as Anglophone nationalists claim, but as a British Cameroons colonial legacy, successfully sold to the Ahidjo regime as a day to be commemorated throughout the federation, by leaders of the federated state of West Cameroon. Churchill Ewumbue-Monono, a senior career diplomat, is Minister Counsellor in the Cameroon Embassy in Moscow. A graduate of the International Higher School of Journalism, and the International Relations Institute of Cameroon in the University of Yaounde, he was a 1991-92 Fellow in Public Diplomacy in Boston University, USA. He has served in Cameroon in various professional capacities. Ewumbue-Monono has written extensively on Cameroon's political history, and his books include Men of Courage, published in 2005.
This book on Nation Building and Local Leadership is a unique one without a parallel. It has evolved from the first ever Ph. D. thesis in India on the subject of Nation Building (submitted and approved for the award of Ph. D. from the JNU, New Delhi, in 1977). This book contains: (a) Theoretical justification for the study of nation building and local leadership; (b) Conceptual analysis of the concept and process of Nation building; (c) A review of Nation building in India from the phase of the nationalist movement till 1977 from a historical perspective; (d) Empirical study on the image of nation building held by the local leaders in Tamil Nadu and Kerala selected for this study; (e) Conceptual analysis of the empirical findings from the behavioral study of the local leaders studied; and (f) Valuable and up-to-date profile of the important socio- political leaders of Kerala and Tamil Nadu given as Annexure at the end of the book. The book is a source of information and insights to those interested in understanding the dynamics of political evolution in Tamil Nadu and Kerala since the middle of the 20th century till now, including both teachers and students of fields like Political Science, Public Administration and Public policy formulation. The book provokes well-meaning political leaders of the day to ask and answer the question "Are we doing and accomplishing and what we are expected to be doing and accomplishing?". The author holds the academic qualifications of M.A.(First Class) in Political Science from the M.S. University, Baroda); M. Phil and Ph.D. in Political Studies from the Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi; M.B.A. (with Distinction) from the University of Leeds, U.K.; and E.K.S. from the Mewes System, Frankfurt, Germany. He has worked as a faculty member in JNU, New Delhi, SGU, Surat, and IMG (since 1976 till retirement in 2008). After retirement he worked as Professor and Director of the Head, Dept. of Management Studies in the MBA Department, Mar Athanasius College, Kothamangalam, followed by being Dean, Marian Academy of Management Studies, Kothamangalam, and as Professor and Head of the Department of Management Studies in the Viswajyothi College of Engineering and Technology (VJCET), Vazhakulam, Kerala, India. He was also Dean of the Faculty of Management Studies, University of Kerala. Through four study tours to the USA, he has been able to improve his comparative understanding of the management of people and organizations. For several years, he was a member of the American Political Science Association, American Society for Public Administration, and American Management Association. He is a Life Member of the Indian Institute of Public Administration and the Quality Circle Forum of India. He is also an ardent student of Yoga and the Indian traditions in value management. He can be contacted through: [email protected]