Fireworks are synonymous with celebration in the twenty-first century. But pyrotechnics—in the form of rockets, crackers, wheels, and bombs—have exploded in sparks and noise to delight audiences in Europe ever since the Renaissance. Here, Simon Werrett shows that, far from being only a means of entertainment, fireworks helped foster advances in natural philosophy, chemistry, mathematics, and many other branches of the sciences. Fireworks brings to vibrant life the many artful practices of pyrotechnicians, as well as the elegant compositions of the architects, poets, painters, and musicians they inspired. At the same time, it uncovers the dynamic relationships that developed between the many artists and scientists who produced pyrotechnics. In so doing, the book demonstrates the critical role that pyrotechnics played in the development of physics, astronomy, chemistry and physiology, meteorology, and electrical science. Richly illustrated and drawing on a wide range of new sources, Fireworks takes readers back to a world where pyrotechnics were both divine and magical and reveals for the first time their vital contribution to the modernization of European ideas.
Exploring environmental literature from a feminist perspective, this volume presents a diversity of feminist ecocritical approaches to affirm the continuing contributions, relevance, and necessity of a feminist perspective in environmental literature, culture, and science. Feminist ecocriticism has a substantial history, with roots in second- and third-wave feminist literary criticism, women’s environmental writing and social change activisms, and eco-cultural critique, and yet both feminist and ecofeminist literary perspectives have been marginalized. The essays in this collection build on the belief that the repertoire of violence (conceptual and literal) toward nature and women comprising our daily lives must become central to our ecocritical discussions, and that basic literacy in theories about ethics are fundamental to these discussions. The book offers an international collection of scholarship that includes ecocritical theory, literary criticism, and ecocultural analyses, bringing a diversity of perspectives in terms of gender, sexuality, and race. Reconnecting with the histories of feminist and ecofeminist literary criticism, and utilizing new developments in postcolonial ecocriticism, animal studies, queer theory, feminist and gender studies, cross-cultural and international ecocriticism, this timely volume develops a continuing and international feminist ecocritical perspective on literature, language, and culture.
In recent years, swarm intelligence has become a popular computational approach among researchers working on optimization problems throughout the globe. Several algorithms inside swarm intelligence have been implemented due to their application to real-world issues and other advantages. A specific procedure, Fireworks Algorithm, is an emerging method that studies the explosion process of fireworks within local areas. Applications of this developing program are undiscovered, and research is necessary for scientists to fully understand the workings of this innovative system. The Handbook of Research on Fireworks Algorithms and Swarm Intelligence is a pivotal reference source that provides vital research on theory analysis, improvements, and applications of fireworks algorithm. While highlighting topics such as convergence rate, parameter applications, and global optimization analysis, this publication explores up-to-date progress on the specific techniques of this algorithm. This book is ideally designed for researchers, data scientists, mathematicians, engineers, software developers, postgraduates, and academicians seeking coverage on this evolutionary computation method.
This is the proceedings of the 6th International Symposium on History of Machines and Mechanisms that was held in Beijing, China, in September 2018. The Symposium provided an international forum for presenting and discussing historical developments in the field of Machine and Mechanism Science (MMS). Special sections focused on the following topics: . modern reviews of past works · engineers in history, and their works · direct memories of the recent past · the development of theories · the history of the design of machines and mechanisms · development of automation and robots · the development of teaching of MMS · the schools and institutes of mechanical engineering · the heritage of machines and mechanisms
Bonfire Night, observed annually to memorialize the Gunpowder Plot, is one of England's most festive occasions. Why has the memory of this act of treason and terrorism persisted for 400 years? Sharpe unravels the web of religion and politics that gave rise to the plot, and wittily shows how celebration of that night has changed over the centuries.